Intake of Individual Fatty Acids and Risk of Prostate Cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

The associations of individual dietary fatty acids with prostate cancer risk have not been examined comprehensively. We examined the prospective association of individual dietary fatty acids with prostate cancer risk overall, by tumor subtypes, and prostate cancer death. 142,239 men from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition who were free from cancer at…

Dairy Product Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in EPIC-InterAct: A Mendelian Randomization Study

OBJECTIVE To estimate the causal association between intake of dairy products and incident type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The analysis included 21,820 European individuals (9,686 diabetes cases) of the EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study. Participants were genotyped, and rs4988235 (LCT-12910C>T), a SNP for lactase persistence (LP) which enables digestion of dairy sugar, i.e., lactose, was…

Uso de heurísticos y error diagnóstico en Atención Primaria: revisión panorámica

Objetivo Evaluar la evidencia sobre el uso de heurísticos de representatividad, disponibilidad, anclaje y ajuste y exceso de confianza en la práctica clínica real, específicamente en el ámbito de la Atención Primaria. Diseño Revisión panorámica (scoping review). Fuentes de datos Bases de datos de OvidMedline, Scopus, PsycoINFO, Cochrane Library y PubMed. Con el fin de…

The experience‐based format of probability improves probability estimates: The moderating role of individual differences in numeracy

People with low statistical numeracy have difficulties understanding numerical information. For instance, they often misunderstand the probability of experiencing side effects, which could reduce adherence to medical treatments. We investigated whether presenting information about probability using a method based on the direct experience of events influences the accuracy of probability estimates compared to viewing a…

One‐carbon metabolism biomarkers and risk of urothelial cell carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Published associations between dietary folate and bladder cancer risk are inconsistent. Biomarkers may provide more accurate measures of nutrient status. This nested case‐control analysis within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) investigated associations between pre‐diagnostic serum folate, homocysteine, vitamins B6 and B12 and the risk of urothelial cell carcinomas of the bladder…

Effectiveness of interventions to improve cancer treatment and follow‐up care in socially disadvantaged groups

Objective To identify and characterize the interventions that aimed to improve cancer treatment and follow‐up care in socially disadvantaged groups. To summarize the state‐of‐the‐art for clinicians and researchers. Methods We conducted a systematic review following PRISMA guidelines. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials and quasi‐experimental studies with a control group (usual care or enhanced usual…