Serum concentrations of organochlorine compounds and predictors of exposure in children living in agricultural communities from South-Eastern Spain

Background Information on exposure levels to organochlorine compounds (OCs) in child population is limited, despite their greater vulnerability to the adverse health effects of these chemicals. Objective To determine serum concentrations of 10 OCs (including organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls –PCBs–) in children living in agricultural communities from Almería (South-Eastern Spain), and to identify the…

Coffee and tea consumption and risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

The epidemiological evidence regarding the association of coffee and tea consumption with prostate cancer risk is inconclusive, and few cohort studies have assessed these associations by disease stage and grade. We examined the associations of coffee (total, caffeinated and decaffeinated) and tea intake with prostate cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and…

Alcohol intake in relation to non-fatal and fatal coronary heart disease and stroke: EPIC-CVD case-cohort study

Objective To investigate the association between alcohol consumption (at baseline and over lifetime) and non-fatal and fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. Design Multicentre case-cohort study. Setting A study of cardiovascular disease (CVD) determinants within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition cohort (EPIC-CVD) from eight European countries. Participants 32 549 participants without baseline…

Moderate egg consumption and all-cause and specific-cause mortality in the Spanish European Prospective into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Spain) study

Purpose Dietary guidelines for egg consumption for general population differ among public health agencies. Our aim was to investigate the association between egg intake and both all-cause and specific-cause of mortality in a Mediterranean population. Methods The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Spain cohort included 40,621 men and women aged 29–69 years old in…

Еffects of fortified milk on cognitive abilities in school-aged children: results from a randomized-controlled trial

Background Micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals and long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential for children’s brain development and cognitive functions. The current study investigated whether milk fortified with micronutrients and PUFA can result in improved cognitive function in mainstream school children. Methods One-hundred-and-nineteen children (age 8–14, 58 boys) were randomly allocated to…

Coffee and Tea Consumption and the Contribution of Their Added Ingredients to Total Energy and Nutrient Intakes in 10 European Countries: Benchmark Data from the Late 1990s

Background: Coffee and tea are among the most commonly consumed nonalcoholic beverages worldwide, but methodological differences in assessing intake often hamper comparisons across populations. We aimed to (i) describe coffee and tea intakes and (ii) assess their contribution to intakes of selected nutrients in adults across 10 European countries. Method: Between 1995 and 2000, a…

Herramientas para una evaluación del impacto en salud de los programas de salud pública e intervenciones comunitarias con una perspectiva de equidad

Es imprescindible desarrollar un enfoque integral de las intervenciones institucionales que permita realizar la evaluación del impacto en la salud desde la perspectiva de los determinantes sociales de la salud y la equidad. Para realizar dicha evaluación son necesarias herramientas adaptadas y sencillas. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la metodología empleada en el…

Análisis multinivel de la eficiencia técnica de los hospitales del Sistema Nacional de Salud español por tipo de propiedad y gestión

Objetivo Analizar la eficiencia técnica por tipo de propiedad y gestión de los hospitales generales del Sistema Nacional de Salud español (2010-2012) y sus variables explicativas hospitalarias y regionales. Método Se estudian 230 hospitales combinando el análisis envolvente de datos y modelos transversales de regresión lineal multinivel de efectos fijos. Con el análisis envolvente de…