Health assessments for health governance: concepts and methodologies

Background: For better supporting the science-governance interface, the potential of health assessments appears underrated. Aims: To identify what various types of health assessment have in common; how they differ; which assessment(s) to apply for which purpose; and what needs and options there are for future joint development. Methods: This review is based on five types…

Hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders among young adult refugees who arrived in Sweden as teenagers – a national cohort study

Background Psychological distress and lack of family support may explain the mental health problems that are consistently found in young unaccompanied refugees in Western countries. Given the strong relationship between poor mental health and alcohol misuse, this study investigated hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders among accompanied and unaccompanied young refugees who settled in…

Evaluación de las prescripciones fuera de ficha técnica: perfil, evidencia y evolución

Objetivo: Los objetivos del estudio fueron describir la magnitud y el perfil de las prescripciones fuera de ficha técnica (off-label), evaluar el nivel de evidencia en el que se sustentan estas indicaciones, valorar la actividad investigadora en estas enfermedades y determinar en qué grado se autorizan como nuevas indicaciones transcurridos cinco años desde la solicitud. Métodos: Estudio transversal que incluyó…

Cancer survival in adult patients in Spain. Results from nine population-based cancer registries

Introduction With the aim of providing cancer control indicators, this work presents cancer survival in adult (≥15 years) patients in Spain diagnosed during the period 2000–2007 from Spanish cancer registries participating in the EUROCARE project. Methods Cancer cases from nine Spanish population-based cancer registries were included and analysed as a whole. All primary malignant neoplasms diagnosed…

Alcohol consumption and risk of urothelial cell bladder cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort

Findings on the association between alcohol consumption and bladder cancer are inconsistent. We investigated that association in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. We included 476,160 individuals mostly aged 35–70 years, enrolled in ten countries and followed for 13.9 years on average. Hazard ratios (HR) for developing urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC; 1,802…

Tall height and obesity are associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer: results from the EPIC cohort study

Background The relationship between body size and prostate cancer risk, and in particular risk by tumour characteristics, is not clear because most studies have not differentiated between high-grade or advanced stage tumours, but rather have assessed risk with a combined category of aggressive disease. We investigated the association of height and adiposity with incidence of…