Risk prediction for estrogen receptor-specific breast cancers in two large prospective cohorts

Background Few published breast cancer (BC) risk prediction models consider the heterogeneity of predictor variables between estrogen-receptor positive (ER+) and negative (ER-) tumors. Using data from two large cohorts, we examined whether modeling this heterogeneity could improve prediction. Methods We built two models, for ER+ (ModelER+) and ER- tumors (ModelER-), respectively, in 281,330 women (51%…

Heroína, pero no Superwoman. Evaluación de una formación entre iguales para mujeres con cáncer de mama

Objetivo Evaluar una actividad formativa entre iguales para pacientes con cáncer de mama desde la perspectiva de género; conocer los resultados y profundizar en las experiencias de pacientes y profesionales sanitarios participantes. Método: Diseño multicéntrico mixto (Andalucía, 2017) con un cuestionario de evaluación pretest/postest con 102 pacientes formadas, midiendo hábitos de vida, limitaciones, uso y…

How are risk ratios reported in orthopaedic surgery journals? A descriptive study of formats used to report absolute risks

Purpose The numerical format in which risks are communicated can affect risk comprehension and perceptions of medical professionals. We investigated what numerical formats are used to report absolute risks in empirical articles, estimated the frequency of biasing formats and rated the quality of figures used to display the risks. Design Descriptive study of reporting practices.…

Desarrollo de un mapa de riesgos para la tomografía por emisión de positrones

La seguridad del paciente es un componente esencial de la calidad asistencial, especialmente cuando la complejidad de la asistencia ha alcanzado niveles extremos. En la actualidad, conseguir esta seguridad se considera una estrategia básica del sistema nacional de salud. Los servicios de Medicina Nuclear muestran unas particularidades que los hacen especiales en materia de seguridad…

Derechos de las personas trans e intersex: revisión del marco legislativo en el contexto español desde una perspectiva de despatologización y derechos humanos

El objetivo de este trabajo es revisar los derechos de las personas trans e intersex en la legislación actualmente vigente en el contexto español, tomando como referencia las recomendaciones establecidas por organismos internacionales y regionales de derechos humanos y las demandas expresadas por el activismo internacional por la despatologización trans y el movimiento intersex internacional.…

Living with disabling chronic pain: results from a face-to-face cross-sectional population-based study

Objectives To estimate the prevalence of disabling chronic pain (DCP) in Spanish adults, to analyse its characteristics, to determine its multimorbidity and to identify its associated factors. Settings 2011 Andalusian Health Survey, a cross-sectional population survey based on face-to-face home interviews. Participants 6507 people aged 16 years or older and living in Andalusia, Spain. Outcomes…

Association of plasma vitamin D metabolites with incident type 2 diabetes: EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study

Background Existing evidence for the prospective association of vitamin D status with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is focused almost exclusively on circulating total 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] without distinction between its subtypes: non-epimeric and epimeric 25(OH)D3 stereoisomers; and 25(OH)D2, the minor component of 25(OH)D. We aimed to investigate the prospective associations of circulating levels of the…

Competition in the off-patent medicine market in Spain: The national reference pricing system versus the regional system of tendering for outpatient prescription medicines in Andalusia

Spain has a reference price system (RPS) for off-patent medicines since 1997. In addition, from 2012, Andalusia is running a series of tenders for procuring off-patent medicines dispensed by community pharmacies, for those medicines included in the system of homogenous clusters within the national reference price system. Such tenders offer additional savings to the regional…