Circulating vitamin D in relation to cancer incidence and survival of the head and neck and oesophagus in the EPIC cohort

Experimental and epidemiological data suggest that vitamin D play a role in pathogenesis and progression of cancer, but prospective data on head and neck cancer (HNC) and oesophagus cancer are limited. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study recruited 385,747 participants with blood samples between 1992 and 2000. This analysis includes 497…

Autopercepción de las personas responsables en los equipos sanitarios de Andalucía. Estudio cuantitativo y cualitativo

Objetivo Conocer la percepción y autovaloración de los y las responsables de equipos sanitarios de Andalucía sobre el liderazgo. Material y métodos Diseño exploratorio descriptivo mixto cuantitativo-cualitativo, llevado a cabo entre 2013 y 2015, usando un cuestionario de elaboración propia y una entrevista semiestructurada. Emplazamiento: Andalucía. Participantes: total de responsables de las unidades de gestión…

Main nutrient patterns and colorectal cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study

Background: Much of the current literature on diet–colorectal cancer (CRC) associations focused on studies of single foods/nutrients, whereas less is known about nutrient patterns. We investigated the association between major nutrient patterns and CRC risk in participants of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Methods: Among 477 312 participants, intakes of 23…

A method for sensitivity analysis to assess the effects of measurement error in multiple exposure variables using external validation data

Background: Measurement error in self-reported dietary intakes is known to bias the association between dietary intake and a health outcome of interest such as risk of a disease. The association can be distorted further by mismeasured confounders, leading to invalid results and conclusions. It is, however, difficult to adjust for the bias in the association when there is…

Evaluación de una estrategia formativa entre iguales en fibromialgia. Un análisis de género

La fibromialgia es una enfermedad crónica altamente feminizada que requiere mayor autonomía y autoeficiencia en el manejo de los cuidados. Objetivo: evaluar, desde una perspectiva de género, la estrategia formativa de pacientes con fibromialgia de la Escuela de Pacientes, basada en la formación “entre iguales”. Método: estudio cuantitativo, con diseño cuasiexperimental pretest- postest, con 600 participantes con fibromialgia. Se…

Cross-cancer genome-wide analysis of lung, ovary, breast, prostate and colorectal cancer reveals novel pleiotropic associations

Identifying genetic variants with pleiotropic associations can uncover common pathways influencing multiple cancers. We took a two-staged approach to conduct genome-wide association studies for lung, ovary, breast, prostate and colorectal cancer from the GAME-ON/GECCO Network (61,851 cases, 61,820 controls) to identify pleiotropic loci. Findings were replicated in independent association studies (55,789 cases, 330,490 controls). We…

Circulating Osteopontin and Prediction of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Development in a Large European Population

We previously identified osteopontin (OPN) as a promising marker for the early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the association between prediagnostic circulating OPN levels and HCC incidence in a large population-based cohort. A nested case–control study was conducted within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. During…