Prolactin Determinants in Healthy Women: A Large Cross-Sectional Study within the EPIC Cohort

Background: Experimental and epidemiologic data suggest that higher circulating prolactin is associated with breast cancer risk; however, how various risk factors for breast cancer influence prolactin levels in healthy women is not clear. Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional associations between several suggested reproductive and lifestyle risk factors for breast cancer and circulating prolactin among pre- and…

El valor afectivo de los fragmentos del cuerpo: dimensiones culturales de la ‪donación de órganos‬ en la España democrática

In this paper we analyze the emotionality linked to the medical technology of organ transplants during the 1980s in Spain. Using the newspapers ABC, El Pais, and other visual materials, we explore the individual feelings expressed in the media by donors and receptors. More importantly, we expose the «emotionology» that emphasized solidarity as a source…

Smoking and All-cause Mortality in Older Adults

Introduction: Smoking is known to be a major cause of death among middle-aged adults, but evidence on its impact and the benefits of smoking cessation among older adults has remained limited. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the influence of smoking and smoking cessation on all-cause mortality in people aged ≥60 years. Methods: Relative mortality and mortality rate…

Energy and macronutrient intake and risk of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study

Incidence rates of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (TC) have increased in many countries. Adiposity and dietary risk factors may play a role, but little is known on the influence of energy intake and macronutrient composition. The aim of this study is to investigate associations between TC and the intake of energy, macronutrients, glycemic index (GI) and…

Human Papillomavirus Antibodies and Future Risk of Anogenital Cancer: A Nested Case-Control Study in the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition Study

Purpose: Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 (HPV16) causes cancer at several anatomic sites. In the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition study, HPV16 E6 seropositivity was present more than 10 years before oropharyngeal cancer diagnosis and was nearly absent in controls. The current study sought to evaluate the extent to which HPV16 E6 antibodies…