En-red-ando: dialogando sobre salud comunitaria y redes. Informe SESPAS 2018

Cuatro voces repartidas por España dialogan sobre salud comunitaria y redes, entendiendo que estas son sistemas formados por personas interconectadas, con un interés común, que dan apoyo y sostén. Las redes requieren un espacio común y tiempo, para generar un clima de confianza y respeto que permita un trabajo horizontal. Así se consensua que son…

Prevención primaria de enfermedades cardiovasculares: una revisión de revisiones de intervenciones no farmacológicas

Fundamento. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la efectividad de intervenciones no farmacológicas para la prevención de eventos relacionados con enfermedad cardiovascular (CVD), y mortalidad en adultos sanos o con alto riesgo de CVD. Método. Revisión de revisiones sobre prevención primaria de intervenciones no farmacológicas en las bases de datos de PubMed Health, Effective…

What shapes the probability weighting function? Influence of affect, numeric competencies, and information formats

Research suggests that people are less sensitive to variations in probability in affect‐rich compared with affect‐poor risky choices. This effect is modeled by a more curved probability weighting function (PWF). We investigated the role of different numeric competencies and the effectiveness of several intervention strategies to decrease this affect‐laden probability distortion. In two experiments, we…

Activos: de los mapas al territorio. Informe SESPAS 2018

En los últimos años, los mapas de activos para la salud se están convirtiendo en herramientas cada vez más presentes en el ámbito de la promoción de la salud. Se están incorporando a la práctica diaria de muchos profesionales de la salud, tanto en la atención individualizada en las consultas (mediante la prescripción social) como…

Nutritional quality of food as represented by the FSAm-NPS nutrient profiling system underlying the Nutri-Score label and cancer risk in Europe: Results from the EPIC prospective cohort study

Background Helping consumers make healthier food choices is a key issue for the prevention of cancer and other diseases. In many countries, political authorities are considering the implementation of a simplified labelling system to reflect the nutritional quality of food products. The Nutri-Score, a five-colour nutrition label, is derived from the Nutrient Profiling System of…

Circulating insulin‐like growth factor I in relation to melanoma risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Insulin‐like growth factor (IGF‐I) regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis, and is thought to play a role in tumour development. Previous prospective studies have shown that higher circulating concentrations of IGF‐I are associated with a higher risk of cancers at specific sites, including breast and prostate. No prospective study has examined the association between circulating IGF‐I…

Dietary folate intake and pancreatic cancer risk: Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Pancreatic cancer (PC) has an exceptionally low survival rate and primary prevention strategies are limited. Folate plays an important role in one‐carbon metabolism and has been associated with the risk of several cancers, but not consistently with PC risk. We aimed to investigate the association between dietary folate intake and PC risk, using the standardised…

Approach to identifying research gaps on vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban settings: scoping review protocol from the VERDAS consortium and reflections on the project’s implementation

Background This paper presents the overall approach undertaken by the “VEctor boRne DiseAses Scoping reviews” (VERDAS) consortium in response to a call issued by the Vectors, Environment and Society unit of the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases hosted by the World Health Organization. The aim of the project was to undertake…

Impact, economic evaluation, and sustainability of integrated vector management in urban settings to prevent vector-borne diseases: a scoping review

Background The control of vector-borne diseases (VBD) is one of the greatest challenges on the global health agenda. Rapid and uncontrolled urbanization has heightened the interest in addressing these challenges through an integrated vector management (IVM) approach. The aim was to identify components related to impacts, economic evaluation, and sustainability that might contribute to this…