Haem iron intake and risk of lung cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort

Background Epidemiological studies suggest that haem iron, which is found predominantly in red meat and increases endogenous formation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds, may be positively associated with lung cancer. The objective was to examine the relationship between haem iron intake and lung cancer risk using detailed smoking history data and serum cotinine to control for…

Timing of eating across ten European countries – results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study

Objective: To examine timing of eating across ten European countries. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study using standardized 24 h diet recalls collected during 1995–2000. Eleven predefined food consumption occasions were assessed during the recall interview. We present time of consumption of meals and snacks as…

Environmental and health data needed to develop national surveillance systems in industrially contaminated sites

BACKGROUND: public health surveillance (PHS) of industrially contaminated sites (ICSs) is likely to play a role in supporting the monitoring of harmful aspects of ICSs and related interventions. Environmental public health tracking (EPHT) has been proposed and developed as an approach to PHS when environmental factors affecting health are involved. OBJECTIVES: to identify existing arrangements…

A review of exposure assessment methods for epidemiological studies of health effects related to industrially contaminated sites

BACKGROUND: this paper is based upon work from COST Action ICSHNet. Health risks related to living close to industrially contaminated sites (ICSs) are a public concern. Toxicology-based risk assessment of single contaminants is the main approach to assess health risks, but epidemiological studies which investigate the relationships between exposure and health directly in the affected…

Stabilization and reversal of child obesity in Andalusia using objective anthropometric measures by socioeconomic status

Childhood obesity continues to be a significant public health issue worldwide. Recent national studies in Spain show a stable picture. However, prevalence and trends differ by socio-economic status, age, and region. We present the trend in childhood excess weight prevalence, aged 8–15 years, in Andalusia from 2011-2012 to 2015–2016 by socio-economic status. Methods Using the cross-sectional…

Herramientas y métodos participativos para la acción comunitaria. Informe SESPAS 2018

La participación es un proceso que requiere la implicación de responsables de la política, del personal directivo y técnico de las instituciones, y de la ciudadanía, así como de la acción intersectorial e interdisciplinaria. Para generar cambios transformadores es necesaria una infraestructura que favorezca la participación y la acción planificada, reconociendo a todos los actores…

¿De qué hablamos cuando hablamos de «salud comunitaria»? Informe SESPAS 2018

El término «salud comunitaria» es ampliamente utilizado en nuestro medio, con una recuperación progresiva de su interés en los últimos 10 años. Consideramos que, aunque muy difundido, se trata de un término impreciso, por lo que percibimos la necesidad y la pertinencia de una mejor definición operativa. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura especializada,…

CA19‐9 and Apolipoprotein‐A2 isoforms as detection markers for pancreatic cancer ‐ a prospective evaluation

Recently, we identified unique processing patterns of apolipoprotein A2 (ApoA2) in patients with pancreatic cancer. This study provides a first prospective evaluation of an ApoA2 isoform (“ApoA2‐ATQ/AT”), alone and in combination with carbohydrate antigen 19‐9 (CA19‐9), as an early detection biomarker for pancreatic cancer. We performed ELISA measurements of CA19‐9 and ApoA2‐ATQ/AT in 156 patients…

Formación en salud comunitaria: retos, amenazas y oportunidades. Informe SESPAS 2018

La incorporación de contenidos docentes relativos a la salud comunitaria en los programas formativos de enfermería y medicina contribuye a acrecentar la calidad, el rigor y la sostenibilidad de las intervenciones comunitarias. En este artículo dialogamos sobre cómo la medicina familiar y comunitaria y la atención primaria siguen sin ser consideradas disciplinas nucleares y transversales…

En-red-ando: dialogando sobre salud comunitaria y redes. Informe SESPAS 2018

Cuatro voces repartidas por España dialogan sobre salud comunitaria y redes, entendiendo que estas son sistemas formados por personas interconectadas, con un interés común, que dan apoyo y sostén. Las redes requieren un espacio común y tiempo, para generar un clima de confianza y respeto que permita un trabajo horizontal. Así se consensua que son…