Systematic Review of the Effect of Adherence to Statin Treatment on Critical Cardiovascular Events and Mortality in Primary Prevention

Aim: Analyze the relative risks of critical cardiovascular outcomes and mortality associated with adherence to statin treatment in a clinical setting in people with no history of prior cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: A systematic review of the literature was conducted up to December 2016. The outcomes of interest were cardiovascular fatal or nonfatal events and…

Efectividad de un nuevo modelo de derivación telefónica compartida entre atención primaria y atención hospitalaria

Objetivo Averiguar si la derivación telefónica desde Atención Primaria a consultas externas de Medicina Interna (CCEE de MI) reduce días de espera, con respecto a la derivación presencial. Averiguar la aceptación de la consulta telefónica por parte de los médicos de familia (MF) de Atención Primaria y de sus pacientes. Diseño Ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado…

A Prospective Evaluation of Plasma Polyphenol Levels and Colon Cancer Risk

Polyphenols have been shown to exert biological activity in experimental models of colon cancer; however, human data linking specific polyphenols to colon cancer is limited. We assessed the relationship between pre‐diagnostic plasma polyphenols and colon cancer risk in a case–control study nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Using high pressure…

Targeted maximum likelihood estimation for a binary treatment: A tutorial

When estimating the average effect of a binary treatment (or exposure) on an outcome, methods that incorporate propensity scores, the G‐formula, or targeted maximum likelihood estimation (TMLE) are preferred over naïve regression approaches, which are biased under misspecification of a parametric outcome model. In contrast propensity score methods require the correct specification of an exposure…

Mitochondrial DNA copy number variation, leukocyte telomere length, and breast cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study

Background Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) copy number and deletions have been proposed as risk markers for various cancer types, including breast cancer (BC). Methods To gain a more comprehensive picture on how these markers can modulate BC risk, alone or in conjunction, we performed simultaneous measurements of LTL and mtDNA copy…

Coste-efectividad e impacto presupuestario del tratamiento con evolocumab frente a estatinas y ezetimiba para la hipercolesterolemia en España

Introducción y objetivos Analizar la razón de coste-efectividad y el impacto presupuestario del tratamiento con evolocumab (inhibidor de la PCSK9) para pacientes en prevención secundaria en el Sistema Nacional de Salud español. Métodos Se realizaron, desde la perspectiva del sistema sanitario público, análisis de impacto presupuestario, modelos de árbol de decisión y Markov, basándose en…

Inflammatory potential of the diet and risk of gastric cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study

Background Chronic inflammation plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of the 2 major types of gastric cancer. Several foods, nutrients, and nonnutrient food components seem to be involved in the regulation of chronic inflammation. Objective We assessed the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet and the risk of gastric carcinoma, overall and…