Childhood and adolescent lymphoma in Spain: incidence and survival trends over 20 years

Lymphoma is the third most common malignancy in children (0–14 years) and the first in adolescents (15–19 years). This population-based study—the largest ever done in Spain—analyses incidence and survival of lymphomas among Spanish children and adolescents. Patients and methods 1664 lymphoma cases (1983–2007) for incidence and 1030 for survival (1991–2005) followed until 31/12/2010, were provided by 11…

Comparison of prognostic models to predict the occurrence of colorectal cancer in asymptomatic individuals: a systematic literature review and external validation in the EPIC and UK Biobank prospective cohort studies

Objective To systematically identify and validate published colorectal cancer risk prediction models that do not require invasive testing in two large population-based prospective cohorts. Design Models were identified through an update of a published systematic review and validated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) and the UK Biobank. The performance of…

Photovoice and empowerment: evaluating the transformative potential of a participatory action research project

Background Photovoice is a visual research methodology with the intention to foster social change. Photovoice has been used to investigate change in empowerment in vulnerable communities, However, the individual experience of participants involved in Photovoice projects is seldom scrutinized. Our aim was to explore and describe the individual experiences of the female individuals who participated…

Análisis de la formación y el ámbito de práctica de los médicos de atención primaria en Inglaterra, Alemania y España

Analizar la formación, el desarrollo profesional continuado, el ámbito de práctica, las cuestiones éticas y los retos en el entorno laboral de los médicos de atención primaria en tres países europeos. Método Estudio cualitativo de 35 médicos de atención primaria de Inglaterra, Alemania y España que trabajan en centros urbanos de atención primaria. Se reclutó…

Interplay between genetic predisposition, macronutrient intake and type 2 diabetes incidence: analysis within EPIC-InterAct across eight European countries

Aims/hypothesis Gene–macronutrient interactions may contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes but research evidence to date is inconclusive. We aimed to increase our understanding of the aetiology of type 2 diabetes by investigating potential interactions between genes and macronutrient intake and their association with the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Methods We investigated the…

Identificación de indicadores de buenas prácticas en gestión clínica y sanitaria

Objetivo Identificar buenas prácticas para desarrollar e implementar indicadores de resultados en salud para la gestión clínica y sanitaria. Metodología Revisión exploratoria de la literatura (scoping review), con las fases: 1) búsqueda e identificación de bibliografía; 2) selección de documentos relevantes. Se incluyeron estudios que discutían buenas prácticas para la utilización de indicadores en salud…