A prolonged exposure to high temperatures leads to failure of the body’s temperature control system. There is risk of dehydration, aggravation of chronic illness and heat stroke.
It mainly affects people over 65 living alone, dependent people in their daily life (with memory disturbances, behavioural disorders, impaired sense of direction) people with chronic diseases (diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular or respiratory illnesses), people taking medication (diuretics, antihypertensives, antidepressants), people with fever o acute conditions, with difficulty of adapting to heat, and infants and under-five.
Other situations that increase rhe risk: loneliness, social isolation; dwelling difficult to cool or lack of cooling systems; intense physical activity and jobs where there is exposure to heat.
Heatstroke is a condition caused by your body overheating, usually as a result of prolonged exposure to high temperatures. In extreme heat, the body may not be able to sufficiently dissipate the heat and the body temperature rises dramatically
Symptons of heat stroke can include:
Athletes, outdoor workers, infants, the elderly, disabled people and chronic patients are the groups at greatest risk for heat stroke.
If you think a person may be experiencing heatstroke, seek immediate medical help. Call your local emergency services number. While waiting for emergency treatment: move him to a cooler location, get him to drink plenty of water, apply cool wet clothes to his body and fan him.
An excessive and prolonged sun exposure (on the beaches, in the mountains or swimming pools) is harmful and can cause skin damages in a short, medium or long term. Some of the negative effects that can result from spending too much time in te sun can include: rashes, erithema, various degrees of sunburn and the dreaded skin cancer.
In summer, we spend most of our time away from our usual place of residence, so we are most at risk of accidents because we go to unfamiliar places or spaces when hiking or at the beach or on the mountain.
Particular emphasis should be place on the adequacy of the property called “second home” or “rental housing” in the summertime
Summer is also the season we travel the most; so, we should be extremely careful with the follow-up of advices and security measures when driving, cycling or walking
Likewise, the heat, so common during this season, involves inherent risks. It is therefore necessary to learn about and meet preventive measures for our safety and health and that of our family
Here is some helpful advice for staying safe on our journeys, not just in sumer but all year:
Drowning and dips in swimming pools, sea, lakes, rivers,…
Insect bites are vey common in summertime, particularly at dusk and at night. In Andalusia, there is a great diversity of species of mosquitoes living in our wetlands, both natural and artificial, throughout the entire Andalusian geography, sharing habitats with birds that can have autochtonous or imported virus from countries they visit during their migration.
At present, there is evidence of the presence of some viruses in mosquitoes and birds from different areas of the Community. Thus, the following preventive measures are recommended:
It is difficult to detect the presence of jellyfishes since most of them are transparent. We must be careful with the information provided by authorities and lifeguards about the jellyfishes presence. Some beaches display a jellyfish warning flag, together with the traditional red, yellow or green flags indicating bathing sea condition.
The tentacles of jellyfish contain cells that can hurt you if you come in contact with them. If you’re stung by a jellyfish, you’ll feel severe pain immediately and develop an itchy rash and welts (raised, circular areas on the skin) where the tentacles have touched you.