Cancer survival in adult patients in Spain. Results from nine population-based cancer registries

Introduction With the aim of providing cancer control indicators, this work presents cancer survival in adult (≥15 years) patients in Spain diagnosed during the period 2000–2007 from Spanish cancer registries participating in the EUROCARE project. Methods Cancer cases from nine Spanish population-based cancer registries were included and analysed as a whole. All primary malignant neoplasms diagnosed…

Características de los ‪ingresos hospitalarios‬ de las personas ‪‎sin hogar‬ en ‪Sevilla‬

Fundamentos: Las personas sin hogar presentan una mayor morbi-mortalidad que las que sí lo tienen. Este hecho no ha sido investigado suficientemente en España desde la perspectiva de la atención hospitalaria. El objetivo fue conocer las características de las hospitalizaciones de las personas sin hogar en dos hospitales de Sevilla. Métodos: Estudio observacional de 103.802…

Cardiovascular diseases among diffuse large B-cell lymphoma long-term survivors in Asia: a multistate model study

Background We modeled the clinical course of a cohort of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients with no prior cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) using a multistate modeling framework. Patients and methods Data on 2600 patients with DLBCL diagnosed between 2000 and 2018 and had received chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy were obtained from a population-wide electronic…

Caregiving and Caregiver Health 1 Year into the COVID-19 Pandemic (CUIDAR-SE Study): A Gender Analysis

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of informal care and shown that women continue to shoulder the brunt of responsibilities in this area. In this study, we analyzed differences in caregiving and self-perceived health in a group of informal male and female caregivers 1 year into the COVID-19 pandemic. We performed a cross-sectional survey…

Causal effects of lifetime smoking on breast and colorectal cancer risk: Mendelian randomization study

Background: Observational evidence has shown that smoking is a risk factor for breast and colorectal cancer. We used Mendelian randomization (MR) to examine causal associations between smoking and risks of breast and colorectal cancer. Methods: Genome-wide association study summary data were used to identify genetic variants associated with lifetime amount of smoking (n=126 variants) and…

Cellular immune activity biomarker neopterin is associated hyperlipidemia: results from a large population-based study

Increased serum neopterin had been described in older age two decades ago. Neopterin is a biomarker of systemic adaptive immune activation that could be potentially implicated in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Measurements of waist circumference, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin as components of MetS definition, and plasma total neopterin…

Changes in Caregiver Personal Support Networks: Gender Differences and Effects on Health (CUIDAR-SE Study)

Technological changes have led to important advances in medical diagnoses and treatments that prolong the informal care process. Support from the personal network of informal caregivers is an undervalued resource and the changes that have occurred over time are unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in personal network support among…

Child Care Center Hand Hygiene Programs’ Cost-Effectiveness in Preventing Respiratory Infections

BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated that a hand hygiene program, including hand sanitizer and educational measures, for day care center (DCC) staff, children, and parents was more effective than a soap-and-water program, with initial observation, in preventing respiratory infections (RIs) in children attending DCCs. We analyzed the cost-effectiveness of these programs in preventing RIs. METHODS A…

Childhood and adolescent lymphoma in Spain: incidence and survival trends over 20 years

Lymphoma is the third most common malignancy in children (0–14 years) and the first in adolescents (15–19 years). This population-based study—the largest ever done in Spain—analyses incidence and survival of lymphomas among Spanish children and adolescents. Patients and methods 1664 lymphoma cases (1983–2007) for incidence and 1030 for survival (1991–2005) followed until 31/12/2010, were provided by 11…

Childhood chromium exposure and neuropsychological development in children living in two polluted areas in southern Spain

This study aimed to assess the association between exposure to chromium and neuropsychological development among children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 393 children aged 6–11 years old randomly selected from State-funded schools in two provinces in Southern Spain (Almeria and Huelva), in 2010 and 2012. Chromium levels in urine and hair samples were analyzed…