Circadian clock gene variants and their link with chronotype, chrononutrition, sleeping patterns and obesity in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC) study

Background & aims The circadian clock is involved in the control of daily rhythms and is related to the individual’s chronotype, i.e., the morningness-eveneningness preference. Knowledge is limited on the relationship between circadian genes, chronotype, sleeping patterns, chronutrition and obesity. The aim was to explore these associations within the EPIC-Spain cohort study. Methods There were…

A multi-criteria decision analysis on the value of nintedanib for interstitial lung diseases

Objectives Our aim was to assess the value of nintedanib for non-idiopathic progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease (non-IPF PF-ILD) and systemic sclerosis-associated ILD (SSc-ILD) in the Spanish context, using a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA). Methods Following an adaptation of the Evidence and Value: Impact on DEcision Making (EVIDEM) MCDA methodology, the estimated value of nintedanib…

Sweetened beverages are associated with a higher risk of differentiated thyroid cancer in the EPIC cohort: a dietary pattern approach

Background Dietary pattern analysis has gained particular interest, because it reflects the complexity of dietary intake. The aim of this study was to explore the associations between a posteriori dietary patterns, derived using a data-driven approach, and the risk of differentiated thyroid cancer (TC) in Europe. Methods This investigation included 450,064 adults from the European…

Health-related quality of life of X-linked hypophosphatemia in Spain

Background Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is lower than that of both the general population and the patients with other chronic diseases, mainly due to diagnostic delay, treatment difficulties, poor psychosocial support, and problems with social integration. Early diagnosis and optimal treatment are paramount to control the disease in…

Cigarette Smoking and Endometrial Cancer Risk: Observational and Mendelian Randomization Analyses

Background: Current epidemiologic evidence indicates that smoking is associated with a lower endometrial cancer risk. However, it is unknown if this association is causal or confounded. To further elucidate the role of smoking in endometrial cancer risk, we conducted complementary observational and Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses. Methods: The observational analyses included 286,415 participants enrolled in…

Eficacia del Servicio de Asistencia en Nuevos Medicamentos para mejorar su adherencia en pacientes con enfermedades crónicas en farmacias comunitarias españolas: protocolo de un ensayo pragmático aleatorizado

Introducción: La falta de adherencia a los medicamentos es uno de los desafíos a los que se enfrentan los sistemas de salud. Los pacientes con mala adherencia al tratamiento no se benefician de la eficacia de la medicación, lo que se asocia con peor calidad de vida, aumento en hospitalizaciones y muertes y, en consecuencia,…

Bias in algorithms of AI systems developed for COVID-19: A scoping review

To analyze which ethically relevant biases have been identified by academic literature in artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms developed either for patient risk prediction and triage, or for contact tracing to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, to specifically investigate whether the role of social determinants of health (SDOH) have been considered in these AI developments…

Circulating Isovalerylcarnitine and Lung Cancer Risk: Evidence from Mendelian Randomization and Pre-Diagnostic Blood Measurements

Background: Tobacco exposure causes 8 of 10 lung cancers, and identifying additional risk factors is challenging due to confounding introduced by smoking in traditional observational studies. Materials and Methods: We used Mendelian randomization (MR) to screen 207 metabolites for their role in lung cancer predisposition using independent genome-wide-association studies (GWAS) of blood metabolite levels (n…

Brecha de género persistente en la parada cardiaca extrahospitalaria en España durante el periodo 2013-2018

Objetivos. Examinar las diferencias de género en las características de la parada cardiaca extrahospitalaria (PCRE), los tratamientos, la supervivencia, y los cambios evolutivos en España. Método. Datos de dos series temporales (2013/2014 y 2017/2018) del registro prospectivo de PCRE (OHSCAR). Se incluyeron todos los casos consecutivos en los que intervino un equipo de emergencias. Las…