Menstrual factors, reproductive history, hormone use, and Urothelial carcinoma risk: A prospective study in the EPIC cohort

Background: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is the predominant (95%) bladder cancer subtype in industrialised nations. Animal and epidemiological human studies suggest that hormonal factors may influence UC risk. Methods: We used an analytic cohort of 333 919 women from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Cohort (EPIC). Associations between hormonal factors and incident UC…

Psychological and cognitive factors related to prehospital delay in acute coronary syndrome: A systematic review

Background In acute coronary syndrome the time elapsed between the start of symptoms and the moment the patient receives treatment is an important determinant of survival and subsequent recovery. However, many patients do not receive treatment as quickly as recommended, mostly due to substantial prehospital delays such as waiting to seek medical attention after symptoms…

Rare thyroid malignancies in Europe: Data from the information network on rare cancers in Europe (RARECAREnet)

Objective Limited information is available on the incidence of rare thyroid cancer (TC) subtypes: anaplastic (ATC) and medullary (MTC). The aim of this study was to describe incidence variations and trends across European countries of all TC subtypes. Materials and methods We used the RARECAREnet database including 80721 TC incident cases in the period 2000–2007…

Syncope and bifascicular block in the absence of structural heart disease

The treatment of patients with bifascicular block (BFB) and syncope in the absence of structural heart disease (SHD) is not well defined. The objective of our study is to compare pacemaker empirical implantation with the use of electrophysiological studies (EPS). This is a prospective cohort study that included 77 patients with unexplained cardiogenic syncope and BFB without structural…

El recreo, un espacio saludable en los centros docentes

EL RECREO COMO ESPACIO SALUDABLE EN LOS CENTROS DOCENTES es una estrategia para promover entornos y conductas saludables, una propuesta para acercar a la comunidad educativa alternativas para hacer fácil la elección de opciones saludables en el horario de recreo, favoreciendo la actividad física y la alimentación equilibrada. Con ello se pretende contribuir a fomentar…

Urinary levels of organophosphate pesticides and predictors of exposure in pre-school and school children living in agricultural and urban communities from south Spain

Background. Despite the widespread use of organophosphate (OP) pesticides, information on predictors of children’s exposure to such pesticides is scarce. Objective. To assess exposure to OP pesticides in children 3-11 year-old living in agricultural communities and urban areas from Andalusia (Southern Spain), and to identify the main determinants of exposure. Methods. A longitudinal study was…

Antibody responses to Helicobacter pylori and risk of developing colorectal cancer in a European cohort

Background: While Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the major cause of gastric cancer, it has also been suggested to be involved in colorectal cancer (CRC) development. However, prospective studies addressing H. pylori and CRC are sparse and inconclusive. We assessed the association of antibody responses to H. pylori proteins with CRC in the European Prospective…