Prevalencia de la violencia de parejas en España: estudio transversal a través de cuestionario en la atención primaria

Objetivos 1) Analizar la prevalencia de Violencia de Pareja por tipos. 2) Examinar la relación entre las características sociodemográficas y la Violencia de Pareja. Diseño Estudio transversal a través de cuestionario autoadministrado. Emplazamiento Centros de Atención Primaria en España. Participantes 10.322 mujeres (de 18 a 70 años) asistentes a Centros de Atención Primaria. Mediciones principales…

Prevalence and correlates of major depression in Granada, Spain: Results from the GranadΣp study

Background: Major depression is one of the world’s leading causes of disability. Up-to-date information about the epidemiology of this disorder is key to health care planning. Aim: The aim of our study is to report prevalence and correlates of current major depressive disorder (MDD) in the province of Granada, Southern Spain. Methods: The GranadΣp is…

Prevalence and Clinical Conditions Related to Sarcopaenia among Older Persons Living in the Community

Background: In health care and in society at large, sarcopaenia is a disorder of major importance that can lead to disability and other negative health-related events. Our study aim is to determine the prevalence of sarcopaenia among older people attended in primary care and to analyse the factors associated with this age-related clinical condition; (2)…

Preoperative use of statins does not improve outcomes and development of acute renal failure after cardiac surgery. A propensity score analysis of ARIAM-Andalucía database

Statin use prior to cardiac surgery has been reported to improve outcomes in the postoperative period because of other effects apart from decreasing lipid levels. Objective of the study was to analyse mortality and acute renal failure (ARF) during the cardiac surgery postoperative period in patients treated with or without statins. METHODS: This prospective cohort…

Prenatal perfluoroalkyl substance exposure and neuropsychological development throughout childhood: The INMA Project

Background Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been related to neurodevelopmental toxicity in animals. However, human studies are inconclusive. Objectives To evaluate the association between prenatal PFAS exposure and neuropsychological development during childhood. Methods 1240 mother–child pairs from the Spanish INMA Project were analyzed. Perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA)…

Predictive Model and Mortality Risk Score during Admission for Ischaemic Stroke with Conservative Treatment

Background: Stroke is the second cause of mortality worldwide and the first in women. The aim of this study is to develop a predictive model to estimate the risk of mortality in the admission of patients who have not received reperfusion treatment. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of a clinical–administrative database, reflecting all…

Predicting circulating CA125 levels among healthy premenopausal women

Background: CA125 is the most promising ovarian cancer screening biomarker to date. Multiple studies reported CA125 levels vary by personal characteristics, which could inform personalized CA125 thresholds. However, this has not been well described in premenopausal women. Methods: We evaluated predictors of CA125 levels among 815 premenopausal women from the New England Case Control Study…

Prediagnostic serum calcium concentrations and risk of colorectal cancer development in 2 large European prospective cohorts

Background Higher dietary calcium consumption is associated with lower colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. However, little data are available on the association between circulating calcium concentrations and CRC risk. Objectives To explore the association between circulating calcium concentrations and CRC risk using data from 2 large European prospective cohort studies. Methods Conditional logistic regression models were used to calculate multivariable-adjusted ORs and 95%…

Prediagnostic selenium status, selenoprotein gene variants and association with breast cancer risk in a European cohort study

Selenium (Se) may help prevent breast cancer (BC) development. Owing to limited observational evidence, we investigated whether prediagnostic Se status and/or variants in the selenoprotein genes are associated with BC risk in a large European cohort. Se status was assessed by plasma measures of Se and its major circulating proteins, selenoprotein P (SELENOP) and glutathione…