he prevalence of intimate partner violence against women with disabilities: a systematic review of the literature

Purpose Although systematic reviews have already been conducted on violence and disability, the evidence is not conclusive in Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). This study examined the prevalence of IPV in women with disabilities, taking account of the different types of violence and disability. Methods We performed a search in five databases. We included observational studies…

Socio-Economic Inequalities in Lung Cancer Outcomes: An Overview of Systematic Reviews

In the past decade, evidence has accumulated about socio-economic inequalities in very diverse lung cancer outcomes. To better understand the global effects of socio-economic factors in lung cancer, we conducted an overview of systematic reviews. Four databases were searched for systematic reviews reporting on the relationship between measures of socio-economic status (SES) (individual or area-based)…

Prospective evaluation of 92 serum protein biomarkers for early detection of ovarian cancer

Background CA125 is the best available yet insufficiently sensitive biomarker for early detection of ovarian cancer. There is a need to identify novel biomarkers, which individually or in combination with CA125 can achieve adequate sensitivity and specificity for the detection of earlier-stage ovarian cancer. Methods In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)…

Cardiovascular diseases among diffuse large B-cell lymphoma long-term survivors in Asia: a multistate model study

Background We modeled the clinical course of a cohort of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients with no prior cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) using a multistate modeling framework. Patients and methods Data on 2600 patients with DLBCL diagnosed between 2000 and 2018 and had received chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy were obtained from a population-wide electronic…

Does Postural Feedback Reduce Musculoskeletal Risk?: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Background: There is a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among personnel working in the healthcare sector, mainly among nursing assistants and orderlies. Objective: The objective is to analyze the effectiveness of a multi-component intervention that included postural feedback in reducing musculoskeletal risk. Method: A total of 24 nursing assistants and orderlies in a hospital setting…

Incidence of myeloid neoplasms in Spain (2002–2013): a population-based study of the Spanish network of cancer registries

Comprehensive population-based data on myeloid neoplasms (MNs) are limited, mainly because some subtypes were not recognized as hematological cancers prior to the WHO publication in 2001, and others are too rare to allow robust estimates within regional studies. Herein, we provide incidence data of the whole spectrum of MNs in Spain during 2002–2013 using harmonized…

How innovation can be defined, evaluated and rewarded in health technology assessment

Background What constitutes innovation in health technologies can be defined and measured in a number of ways and it has been widely researched and published about. However, while many countries mention it as a criterion for pricing or reimbursement of health technologies, countries differ widely in how they define and operationalise it. Methods We performed…

The questionnaire design process in the European Human Biomonitoring Initiative (HBM4EU)

Background Designing questionnaires is a key point of epidemiological studies assessing human exposure to chemicals. The lack of validated questionnaires can lead to the use of previously developed and sub-optimally adapted questionnaires, which may result in information biases that affect the study’s validity. On this ground, a multidisciplinary group of researchers developed a series of…

Follow-up care over 12 months of patients with prostate cancer in Spain A multicenter prospective cohort study

The therapeutic approach is crucial to prostate cancer prognosis. We describe treatments and outcomes for a Spanish cohort of patients with prostate cancer during the first 12 months after diagnosis and identify the factors that influenced the treatment they received. This multicenter prospective cohort study included patients with prostate cancer followed up for 12 months…

El error diagnóstico y sobrediagnóstico en Atención Primaria. Propuestas para la mejora de la práctica clínica en medicina de familia

Los médicos de familia atendemos una gran variedad de pacientes, con un amplio rango de complejidad, en poco tiempo y con pocos medios diagnósticos. Esta situación hace más vulnerables a los profesionales de atención primaria a los errores diagnósticos (EEDD). Por ello, un adecuado proceso de razonamiento clínico es la herramienta más potente con la…