Dietary intake of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and changes in body weight in European adults

Purpose Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) can be formed in foods by the reaction of reducing sugars with proteins, and have been shown to induce insulin resistance and obesity in experimental studies. We examined the association between dietary AGEs intake and changes in body weight in adults over an average of 5 years of follow-up. Methods…

Dietary Intake of Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) and Mortality among Individuals with Colorectal Cancer

Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) may promote oxidative stress and inflammation and have been linked to multiple chronic diseases, including cancer. However, the association of AGEs with mortality after colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis has not been previously investigated. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios and corresponding 95% confidence intervals for associations…

Dietary intake of trans fatty acids and breast cancer risk in 9 European countries

Background Trans fatty acids (TFAs) have been hypothesised to influence breast cancer risk. However, relatively few prospective studies have examined this relationship, and well-powered analyses according to hormone receptor-defined molecular subtypes, menopausal status, and body size have rarely been conducted. Methods In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), we investigated the associations…

Dietary intakes of dioxins and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and breast cancer risk in 9 European countries

Background Dioxins and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants that have demonstrated endocrine disrupting properties. Several of these chemicals are carcinogenic and positive associations have been suggested with breast cancer risk. In general population, diet represents the main source of exposure. Methods Associations between dietary intake of 17 dioxins and 35 PCBs and breast cancer…

Diferencias de género en percepciones sobre violencia sexual, igualdad y agresiones sexuales facilitadas por drogas en ocio nocturno

La violencia sexual, incluyendo las agresiones sexuales facilitadas por drogas, es un serio problema cada vez más común en los contextos de ocio nocturno. Este trabajo estudia las actitudes y percepciones de la juventud española en torno a la violencia sexual en dicho ámbito. Los participantes se reclutaron mediante muestreo en bola de nieve. Se…

Differences in the management and survival of metastatic colorectal cancer in Europe. A population-based study

Background The management regarding metastatic colorectal cancer throughout Europe is not well known. Aims To draw a European comparison of the management and prognosis of metastatic colorectal cancers. Methods Factors associated with chemotherapy administration were identified through logistic regressions. Net survival was estimated and crude probabilities of death related to cancer and other causes using…

Differential Bioaccumulation Patterns of α, β-Hexachlorobenzene and Dicofol in Adipose Tissue from the GraMo Cohort (Southern Spain)

To identify bioaccumulation patterns of α-, β- hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and dicofol in relation to sociodemographic, dietary, and lifestyle factors, adipose tissue samples of 387 subjects from GraMo cohort in Southern Spain were analyzed. Potential predictors of these organochlorine pesticides (OCP) levels were collected by face-to-face interviews and assessed by multivariable linear and logistic regression. OCPs…

Dirección médica del parto

Dirección médica del parto es una obra cooperativa, que trata del manejo de las principales situaciones que el obstetra encuentra en los paritorios al atender lo que es el proceso médico más frecuente en los hospitales y el fundamental de la Obstetricia: el parto. El libro es una guía especial de reflexión y de actuación obstétrica. Para su realización,…

Direct and indirect costs of diabetes mellitus in Mali: A case-control study

Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most burdensome chronic diseases and is associated with shorter lifetime, diminished quality of life and economic burdens on the patient and society as a result of healthcare, medication, and reduced labor market participation. We aimed to estimate the direct (medical and non-medical) and indirect costs of DM…

Diseño participativo de un plan de social media en salud a través de metodología cualitativa. Evaluación de la experiencia del Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía

Se presenta una metodología cualitativa de diseño participativo para la realización del plan de social media (PSM) para organizaciones sanitarias, así como la evaluación de la experiencia en el Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía. La metodología de diseño colaborativo y multidisciplinar se desarrolló en cinco fases: identificación de agentes clave; consenso sobre objetivos, públicos, canales y…