Investigating the inequalities in route to diagnosis amongst patients with diffuse large B-cell or follicular lymphoma in England

Introduction Diagnostic delay is associated with lower chances of cancer survival. Underlying comorbidities are known to affect the timely diagnosis of cancer. Diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL) and follicular lymphomas (FL) are primarily diagnosed amongst older patients, who are more likely to have comorbidities. Characteristics of clinical commissioning groups (CCG) are also known to impact diagnostic…

Investigación cualitativa con Software NVivo. Técnicas conversacionales y narrativas

La investigación cualitativa está en auge en los procesos investigadores de todas las áreas de conocimiento, especialmente en aquellas vinculadas al campo de la Salud y de las Ciencias Sociales. Dirigida a todos aquellos que utilizan el enfoque cualitativo en sus investigaciones, así como estudiantes de máster y doctorado, esta obra viene a llenar un…

Introduction to computational causal inference using reproducible Stata, R, and Python code: A tutorial

The main purpose of many medical studies is to estimate the effects of a treatment or exposure on an outcome. However, it is not always possible to randomize the study participants to a particular treatment, therefore observational study designs may be used. There are major challenges with observational studies; one of which is confounding. Controlling…

Intimate partner violence in women with disabilities: perception of healthcare and attitudes of health professionals

Purpose: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major social problem and public health issue, but we still have a relatively small amount of data about partner violence in women with disabilities. The main objective of this study was to understand the experiences of women with disabilities who are or have been abused by their partners…

Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy and Risk of Fetal and Neonatal Death: A Meta-Analysis with Socioeconomic Context Indicators

Objective To summarize the results from observational studies examining the risk of fetal and neonatal death (perinatal death) as a function of the experience of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) during pregnancy and examine the influence of socioeconomic context indicators on this association. Data sources Bibliographic searches were conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and LILACS until…

Intimate Partner Violence and Perinatal Health: A Systematic Review

Background Physical, psychological and sexual Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) have been described in the literature as different types of IPV experienced by women during pregnancy all over the world. Objectives To systematically review and summarize the empirical evidence on the links between IPV during pregnancy and the perinatal health of mothers and fetuses/neonates. Search Strategy…

Intimate partner violence and mental disorders: Co-occurrence and gender differences in a large cross-sectional population based study in Spain

BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental disorders (MD) are important public health problems disproportionally affecting women. We aimed to study the epidemiology of IPV victimization, MD, and co-occurring IPV-MD in Spanish men and women in terms of i) prevalence, ii) association between IPV and MD, and iii) sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with IPV,…

Interventions addressing health inequalities in European regions: the AIR project

Disparities in health between social groups have been documented all over Europe. We summarize the methods and results of the Addressing Inequalities in Regions (AIR) project, which identified illustrative interventions and policies developed in European regions to reduce inequalities at the primary health care level. The first phase was a systematic review of the published…