Gaceta Sanitaria en 2018. Fortalecimiento de la presencia en Latinoamérica y promoción de la publicación de temas esenciales para el Sistema Nacional de Salud

Una vez más, presentamos el informe de la actividad realizada por el equipo editorial a lo largo del año anterior y los datos de desempeño de la revista, con el fin de rendir cuentas a nuestros/as lectores/as, a las personas socias de SESPAS y a la sociedad. El documento permite analizar los avances y las…

Gallstones and incident colorectal cancer in a large pan‐European cohort study

Gallstones, a common gastrointestinal condition, can lead to several digestive complications and can result in inflammation. Risk factors for gallstones include obesity, diabetes, smoking and physical inactivity, all of which are known risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC), as is inflammation. However, it is unclear whether gallstones are a risk factor for CRC. We examined…

Gender Differences in Social Support Received by Informal Caregivers: A Personal Network Analysis Approach

Social support is an important predictor of the health of a population. Few studies have analyzed the influence of caregivers’ personal networks from a gender perspective. The aim of this study was to analyze the composition, structure, and function of informal caregiver support networks and to examine gender differences. It also aimed to explore the…

Gender inequalities in authorship of the main Spanish medical journals in 2017

Introducción El objetivo del estudio es analizar la desigualdad de género en la producción científica de las revistas médicas españolas. Material y método Estudio transversal de las principales revistas médicas españolas clasificadas por SCImago Journal & Country Ranking (n = 24) y sus publicaciones (n = 3.375) durante el año 2017. Se calculó la ratio mujer/hombre de autoría según revista y…

Gender inequalities in COPD decision-making in primary care

Background COPD is a frequent severe illness that increasingly affects females. Gender inequalities have been reported in COPD care. Objective To analyze decision-making in primary care for men and women with identical COPD as a function of the gender of the family physician (FP). Methods Cross-sectional, multicenter study in 457 Andalusian FPs, using a self-administered…

Generalizability of a Diabetes-Associated Country-Specific Exploratory Dietary Pattern Is Feasible Across European Populations

Background Population-specificity of exploratory dietary patterns limits their generalizability in investigations with type 2 diabetes incidence. Objective The aim of this study was to derive country-specific exploratory dietary patterns, investigate their association with type 2 diabetes incidence, and replicate diabetes-associated dietary patterns in other countries. Methods Dietary intake data were used, assessed by country-specific questionnaires…

Genetic variation in the ADIPOQ gene, adiponectin concentrations and risk of colorectal cancer: a Mendelian Randomization analysis using data from three large cohort studies

Higher levels of circulating adiponectin have been related to lower risk of colorectal cancer in several prospective cohort studies, but it remains unclear whether this association may be causal. We aimed to improve causal inference in a Mendelian Randomization meta-analysis using nested case–control studies of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC, 623…

Genome-Wide Association Analysis in Humans Links Nucleotide Metabolism to Leukocyte Telomere Length

Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a heritable biomarker of genomic aging. In this study, we perform a genome-wide meta-analysis of LTL by pooling densely genotyped and imputed association results across large-scale European-descent studies including up to 78,592 individuals. We identify 49 genomic regions at a false dicovery rate (FDR) < 0.05 threshold and prioritize genes…

Genome-wide association analysis of type 2 diabetes in the EPIC-InterAct study

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a global public health challenge. Whilst the advent of genome-wide association studies has identified >400 genetic variants associated with T2D, our understanding of its biological mechanisms and translational insights is still limited. The EPIC-InterAct project, centred in 8 countries in the European Prospective Investigations into Cancer and Nutrition study, is…