Introduction to computational causal inference using reproducible Stata, R, and Python code: A tutorial

The main purpose of many medical studies is to estimate the effects of a treatment or exposure on an outcome. However, it is not always possible to randomize the study participants to a particular treatment, therefore observational study designs may be used. There are major challenges with observational studies; one of which is confounding. Controlling…

Intimate partner violence in women with disabilities: perception of healthcare and attitudes of health professionals

Purpose: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major social problem and public health issue, but we still have a relatively small amount of data about partner violence in women with disabilities. The main objective of this study was to understand the experiences of women with disabilities who are or have been abused by their partners…

Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy and Risk of Fetal and Neonatal Death: A Meta-Analysis with Socioeconomic Context Indicators

Objective To summarize the results from observational studies examining the risk of fetal and neonatal death (perinatal death) as a function of the experience of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) during pregnancy and examine the influence of socioeconomic context indicators on this association. Data sources Bibliographic searches were conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and LILACS until…

Intimate Partner Violence and Perinatal Health: A Systematic Review

Background Physical, psychological and sexual Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) have been described in the literature as different types of IPV experienced by women during pregnancy all over the world. Objectives To systematically review and summarize the empirical evidence on the links between IPV during pregnancy and the perinatal health of mothers and fetuses/neonates. Search Strategy…

Intimate partner violence and mental disorders: Co-occurrence and gender differences in a large cross-sectional population based study in Spain

BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental disorders (MD) are important public health problems disproportionally affecting women. We aimed to study the epidemiology of IPV victimization, MD, and co-occurring IPV-MD in Spanish men and women in terms of i) prevalence, ii) association between IPV and MD, and iii) sociodemographic and clinical characteristics associated with IPV,…

Interventions addressing health inequalities in European regions: the AIR project

Disparities in health between social groups have been documented all over Europe. We summarize the methods and results of the Addressing Inequalities in Regions (AIR) project, which identified illustrative interventions and policies developed in European regions to reduce inequalities at the primary health care level. The first phase was a systematic review of the published…

Interventions addressing health inequalities in European regions: the AIR project

Disparities in health between social groups have been documented all over Europe. We summarize the methods and results of the Addressing Inequalities in Regions (AIR) project, which identified illustrative interventions and policies developed in European regions to reduce inequalities at the primary health care level. The first phase was a systematic review of the published…

Intervención grupal desde un enfoque sensoriomotriz para reducir la intensidad del dolor crónico

Objetivo Determinar la eficacia de una intervención (Time In) para reducir el dolor y mejorar los síntomas psicológicos en personas con dolor crónico. Diseño Ensayo clínico aleatorizado con grupo control y con 3 mediciones realizadas a lo largo de 3 meses. Emplazamiento Granada. Participantes Un total de 40 mujeres mayores de 18 años con una…

Interplay between genetic predisposition, macronutrient intake and type 2 diabetes incidence: analysis within EPIC-InterAct across eight European countries

Aims/hypothesis Gene–macronutrient interactions may contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes but research evidence to date is inconclusive. We aimed to increase our understanding of the aetiology of type 2 diabetes by investigating potential interactions between genes and macronutrient intake and their association with the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Methods We investigated the…

International Pooled Analysis of Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Premenopausal Breast Cancer in Women From 19 Cohorts

PURPOSE There is strong evidence that leisure-time physical activity is protective against postmenopausal breast cancer risk but the association with premenopausal breast cancer is less clear. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of physical activity with the risk of developing premenopausal breast cancer. METHODS We pooled individual-level data on self-reported leisure-time…