Trends in mortality from cutaneous malignant melanoma in Spain (1982‐2016): sex‐specific age‐cohort‐period effects

Background Mortality from malignant cutaneous melanoma increased alarmingly during the second half of the 20th century in Spain and other European countries. Objective The aim was to analyze sex and age‐specific trends in melanoma mortality in Spain in the period 1982‐2016. Methods European age‐standardized melanoma mortality rates during the period 1982‐2016 were calculated from mortality…

Trends in lung cancer incidence by histologic subtype in the south of Spain, 1985–2012: a population-based study

Purpose To analyze and interpret age- and sex-specific incidence trends of lung cancer in Granada over the period 1985–2012 and to further analyze these trends by histologic subtype. Methods Incidence data were obtained from the population-based cancer registry located in Granada (Southern Spain). All cases with newly diagnosed primary lung cancer over the period 1985–2012…

Trends in incidence, mortality and survival in women with breast cancer from 1985 to 2012 in Granada, Spain: a population-based study

Background The incidence of breast cancer has increased since the 1970s. Despite favorable trends in prognosis, the role of changes in clinical practice and the introduction of screening remain controversial. We examined breast cancer trends to shed light on their determinants. Methods Data were obtained for 8502 new cases of breast cancer in women between…

Trends in incidence of thick, thin and in situ melanoma in Europe

Background We analysed trends in incidence for in situ and invasive melanoma in some European countries during the period 1995–2012, stratifying for lesion thickness. Material and methods Individual anonymised data from population-based European cancer registries (CRs) were collected and combined in a common database, including information on age, sex, year of diagnosis, histological type, tumour…

Trends in gender of authors of original research in oncology among major medical journals: a retrospective bibliometric study

Objective We evaluated the temporal trend in gender ratios of first and last authors in the field of oncological research published in major general medical and oncology journals and examined the gender pattern in coauthorship. Design We conducted a retrospective study in PubMed using the R package RISmed. We retrieved original research articles published in…

Trends in endpoint selection and result interpretation in advanced non‐small cell lung cancer clinical trials published between 2000 and 2012: A retrospective cohort study

Background The objective of this review was to investigate trends in clinical trial design, specifically, the primary outcomes used, interpretation of results, and the magnitude of the benefits described in phase III controlled clinical trials in the first‐line treatment of patients with advanced non‐small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods Seventy‐six trials published between 2000 and…

Treatment choice in the presence of conflicting information: The role of physician likeability in the choice of non-proven therapies against conventional treatment

Research on why patients sometimes choose non-proven therapies (NPT) instead of conventional treatments is limited. We investigated how physician likeability influences the choice of NPT instead of conventional treatment. In an experiment with three medical scenarios, participants (N = 384) consulted two physicians who gave conflicting recommendations: The first physician recommended a conventional treatment and the second…

Transdisciplinariedad efectiva en el cuidado de la diabetes: Diagnóstico PRECEDE

La diabetes mellitus (DM) es una enfermedad compleja y multifactorial que requiere un proceso integrado de actividades y diferentes niveles de medición de resultados1. El cuidado transdisciplinario (CTD) es la prestación conjunta que asocia diferentes entornos y disciplinas con interacciones continuas entre el sistema de salud y social en los que cada persona está inmersa…

Trabajo nocturno por turnos y el riesgo de cáncer de mama y próstata: actualizando la evidencia a partir de estudios epidemiológicos

Resumen   Se ha formulado la hipótesis de que la disrupción circadiana está relacionada con un mayor riesgo de cáncer. Desde que la Agencia Internacional de Investigación sobre el Cáncer clasificó la disrupción circadiana asociada al trabajo por turnos como “probablemente carcinógeno para los humanos” (Grupo 2A) se han llevado a cabo numerosos estudios para…