Haem iron intake and risk of lung cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort

Background Epidemiological studies suggest that haem iron, which is found predominantly in red meat and increases endogenous formation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds, may be positively associated with lung cancer. The objective was to examine the relationship between haem iron intake and lung cancer risk using detailed smoking history data and serum cotinine to control for…

Has COVID-19 changed the workload for primary care physicians? The case of Spain

Background The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a massive over-exertion of doctors, multiplying their work intensity, overload and stress. Yet no studies have been conducted on the changes in primary care physician overload during the pandemic. Objective To address this research gap, the aim of this article is to document the subjective dimensions of physicians’…

he prevalence of intimate partner violence against women with disabilities: a systematic review of the literature

Purpose Although systematic reviews have already been conducted on violence and disability, the evidence is not conclusive in Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). This study examined the prevalence of IPV in women with disabilities, taking account of the different types of violence and disability. Methods We performed a search in five databases. We included observational studies…

Health assessments for health governance: concepts and methodologies

Background: For better supporting the science-governance interface, the potential of health assessments appears underrated. Aims: To identify what various types of health assessment have in common; how they differ; which assessment(s) to apply for which purpose; and what needs and options there are for future joint development. Methods: This review is based on five types…

Health assets for adolescents: opinions from a neighbourhood in Spain

This study uses a health asset (HA) framework to explore current perspectives on health, wellbeing and their determinants amongst a group of 15–18-year-old adolescents living in the neighbourhood of Zaidin (Granada, Spain). The study was carried out in Summer 2011 using a qualitative approach. It included 20 semi-structured interviews, 2 focus groups with adolescents and…

Health inequalities between male and female immigrants in Spain after the beginning of the economic crisis

The aim of this study was to analyse health inequalities in the immigrant population in Spain in 2014, while differentiating between immigrant and native‐born men and women. We have designed a cross‐sectional study on the population aged over 15 years resident in Spain and the data were obtained from the 2014 European Health Survey in Spain…

Health technology assessment process of a cardiovascular medical device in four different settings

Aim: Health technology assessment (HTA) is a tool to help the decision-making process. The aim is to describe methods and processes used in the reimbursement decision making for drug-eluting stents (DES) in four different settings. Methods: DES as a technology under study was selected according to different criteria, all of them agreed by a working…

Health-related quality of life in Spanish informal caregivers: gender differences and support received

Purpose We analyzed gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and associated factors between informal male and female caregivers in Spain. It is important because of growing rates of dependent people and dwindling public resources. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of 610 informal caregivers (265 male and 345 female) using an ad hoc…

Health-related quality of life of X-linked hypophosphatemia in Spain

Background Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is lower than that of both the general population and the patients with other chronic diseases, mainly due to diagnostic delay, treatment difficulties, poor psychosocial support, and problems with social integration. Early diagnosis and optimal treatment are paramount to control the disease in…

Health, Work, and Social Problems in Spanish Informal Caregivers: Does Gender Matter? (The CUIDAR-SE Study)

(1) Background: The aim of this study was (i) to analyze problems faced by informal caregivers in three areas of their life: health, work and finances, and family and social relationships, (ii) to investigate the main determinants of these problems, and (iii) to explore differences between men and women. (2) Methods: The study population consisted…