Estimated Substitution of Tea or Coffee for Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Was Associated with Lower Type 2 Diabetes Incidence in Case–Cohort Analysis across 8 European Countries in the EPIC-InterAct Study

Introduction Beverage consumption is a modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D), but there is insufficient evidence to inform the suitability of substituting 1 type of beverage for another. Objective The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of T2D when consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) was replaced with consumption of fruit…

Establishing research priorities in prevention and control of vector-borne diseases in urban areas: a collaborative process

Background In 2015, following a call for proposals from the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), six scoping reviews on the prevention and control of vector-borne diseases in urban areas were conducted. Those reviews provided a clear picture of the available knowledge and highlighted knowledge gaps, as well as needs and…

Equipos con emoción

Equipos con Emoción es una obra colectiva y muy amena, que parte de los resultados del innovador estudio sobre el clima emocional en organizaciones sanitarias, premiado por la Sociedad Española de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria. Este trabajo ha combinado metodología cuantitativa y cualitativa, y se ha realizado en diferentes fases y centros sanitarios: en el…

Epidemiological support for genetic variability at hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis and serotonergic system as risk factors for major depression

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a serious, and common psychiatric disorder worldwide. By the year 2020, MDD will be the second cause of disability in the world. The Granad∑p study is the first, to the best of our knowledge, epidemiological study of mental disorders carried out in Andalusia (South Spain), being one of its…

Environmental and health data needed to develop national surveillance systems in industrially contaminated sites

BACKGROUND: public health surveillance (PHS) of industrially contaminated sites (ICSs) is likely to play a role in supporting the monitoring of harmful aspects of ICSs and related interventions. Environmental public health tracking (EPHT) has been proposed and developed as an approach to PHS when environmental factors affecting health are involved. OBJECTIVES: to identify existing arrangements…

Envejecimiento activo. Un marco político ante la revolución de la longevidad

El Centro Internacional para la longevidad de Brasil (ILC-Brasil) es un think-tank independiente con sede en Rio de Janeiro, inaugurado en 2012. Su misión es promulgar ideas y orientaciones políticas para abordar el envejecimiento de la población basándose en la investigación y la experiencia a nivel internacional con vistas a promover el envejecimiento activo. ILC…

Energy and macronutrient intake and risk of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study

Incidence rates of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (TC) have increased in many countries. Adiposity and dietary risk factors may play a role, but little is known on the influence of energy intake and macronutrient composition. The aim of this study is to investigate associations between TC and the intake of energy, macronutrients, glycemic index (GI) and…

Endometrial cancer risk prediction including serum-based biomarkers: Results from the EPIC cohort

Endometrial cancer risk prediction models including lifestyle, anthropometric, and reproductive factors have limited discrimination. Adding biomarker data to these models may improve predictive capacity; to our knowledge, this has not been investigated for endometrial cancer. Using a nested case-control study within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort, we investigated the improvement…