Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis for HTA across four EU Member States: Piloting the Advance Value Framework

Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) has emerged as a likely methodology for Health Technology Assessment (HTA). However limited empirical evidence is available on its use by decision-makers and only as part of single-setting exercises, without cross-county studies available. This pilot study applies the Advance Value Framework (AVF), an MCDA methodology for HTA based on multi-attribute…

Necesidad de la perspectiva de género en el anuario de Anales de Pediatría

Sra. Editora: Gracias al editorial publicado en junio: «El espacio de los editores: anuario de Anales de Pediatría»1, hemos conocido el balance anual de esta revista. El proceso de evaluación de las revistas científicas es una actividad fundamental para mejorar la calidad y transparencia de sus contenidos. Con la intención de enriquecer este ejercicio de…

New Challenges Regarding the Intervention of Musculoskeletal Risk in Truck Service Garages

Background: The automotive industry is heavily affected by sick leaves caused by the handling of loads and using postures that produce musculoskeletal disorders. Research is needed to analyse their causes and find possible solutions to eliminate or mitigate these risks. Objective: Our objective was to analyse the level of musculoskeletal risk in the different work…

Non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity (NEAC) estimated by two different dietary assessment methods and its relationship with NEAC plasma levels

Purpose We aimed to quantify and compare dietary non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity (NEAC), estimated using two dietary assessment methods, and to explore its relationship with plasma NEAC. Methods Fifty healthy subjects volunteer to participate in this study. Two dietary assessment methods [a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and a 24-hour recall (24-HR)] were used to collect dietary…

Novel Biomarkers of Habitual Alcohol Intake and Associations with Risk of Pancreatic and Liver Cancers and Liver Disease Mortality

Background Alcohol is an established risk factor for several cancers, but modest alcohol-cancer associations may be missed due to measurement error in self-reported assessments. Biomarkers of habitual alcohol intake may provide novel insight into the relationship between alcohol and cancer risk. Methods Untargeted metabolomics was used to identify metabolites correlated with self-reported habitual alcohol intake…

Nut intake and 5-year changes in body weight and obesity risk in adults: results from the EPIC-PANACEA study

Purpose There is inconsistent evidence regarding the relationship between higher intake of nuts, being an energy-dense food, and weight gain. We investigated the relationship between nut intake and changes in weight over 5 years. Methods This study includes 373,293 men and women, 25–70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 from 10 European countries in the European…

Nutrient Patterns and Their Food Sources in an International Study Setting: Report from the EPIC Study

Compared to food patterns, nutrient patterns have been rarely used particularly at international level. We studied, in the context of a multi-center study with heterogeneous data, the methodological challenges regarding pattern analyses. We identified nutrient patterns from food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study and used 24-hour…

Nutrient-wide association study of 92 foods and nutrients and breast cancer risk

Background Several dietary factors have been reported to be associated with risk of breast cancer, but to date, unequivocal evidence only exists for alcohol consumption. We sought to systematically assess the association between intake of 92 foods and nutrients and breast cancer risk using a nutrient-wide association study. Methods Using data from 272,098 women participating…