Impact of viral epidemic outbreaks on mental health of healthcare workers: a rapid systematic review and meta-analysis

Background: This study aimed at examining the impact of providing healthcare during health emergencies caused by viral epidemic outbreaks on healthcare workers'(HCWs) mental health; to identify factors associated with worse impact, and; to assess the available evidence base regarding interventions to reduce such impact. Method: Rapid systematic review. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO (inception…

Gender inequalities in authorship of the main Spanish medical journals in 2017

Introducción El objetivo del estudio es analizar la desigualdad de género en la producción científica de las revistas médicas españolas. Material y método Estudio transversal de las principales revistas médicas españolas clasificadas por SCImago Journal & Country Ranking (n = 24) y sus publicaciones (n = 3.375) durante el año 2017. Se calculó la ratio mujer/hombre de autoría según revista y…

Socioeconomic Inequalities in Colorectal Cancer Survival in Southern Spain: A Multilevel Population-Based Cohort Study

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in Spain. Socioeconomic inequalities in cancer survival are not documented in Spain. We aim to study the association of socioeconomic inequalities with overall mortality and survival among CRC patients in southern Spain. Methods: We conducted a multilevel population-based cohort study, including CRC cases for the period 2011–…

Redes personales de apoyo y cuidado informal: ¿diferencias por sexo y territorio? (estudio CUIDAR-SE II)

Objetivo Comparar la composición y la funcionalidad de apoyo social de redes personales de personas cuidadoras de Granada y Gipuzkoa en función del sexo y la provincia. Método Estudio transversal con metodología de análisis de redes personales. Se seleccionó una muestra de 66 personas cuidadoras segmentada por sexo en cada provincia. Se recogieron variables de…

Citrus intake and risk of skin cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort (EPIC)

Citrus intake has been suggested to increase the risk of skin cancer. Although this relation is highly plausible biologically, epidemiologic evidence is lacking. We aimed to examine the potential association between citrus intake and skin cancer risk. EPIC is an ongoing multi-center prospective cohort initiated in 1992 and involving ~ 520,000 participants who have been followed-up…

Bisphenol A exposure and risk of ischemic heart disease in the Spanish European Prospective Investigation into cancer and nutrition study

Background Cardiovascular disease, particularly ischemic heart disease (IHD), is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Bisphenol A (BPA) is considered an endocrine disruptor and obesogen, present in numerous products of daily use. The aim of this study was to assess the potential association of serum BPA concentrations and the risk of incident IHD in a…

Metabolic perturbations prior to hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosis: Findings from a prospective observational cohort study

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development entails changes in liver metabolism. Current knowledge on metabolic perturbations in HCC is derived mostly from case‐control designs, with sparse information from prospective cohorts. Our objective was to apply comprehensive metabolite profiling to detect metabolites whose serum concentrations are associated with HCC development, using biological samples from within the prospective European…

Mediating effect of soluble B-cell activation immune markers on the association between anthropometric and lifestyle factors and lymphoma development

Sustained B-cell activation is an important mechanism contributing to B-cell lymphoma (BCL). We aimed to validate four previously reported B-cell activation markers predictive of BCL risk (sCD23, sCD27, sCD30, and CXCL13) and to examine their possible mediating effects on the association between anthropometric and lifestyle factors and major BCL subtypes. Pre-diagnostic serum levels were measured…

Deprivation gap in colorectal cancer survival attributable to stage at diagnosis: A population-based study in Spain

Objective Socioeconomic inequalities in colorectal cancer (CRC) survival are a major concern of the Spanish public health system. If these inequalities were mainly due to differences in stage at diagnosis, population-based screening programs might reduce them substantially. We aimed to determine to what extent adverse stage distribution contributed to survival inequalities in a Spanish region…

Perception survey on the relevance of main categories of health determinants for conducting health impact assessment

Addressing the characterization of social and economic determinants of health (SDH) properly is a key aspect in conducting a Health Impact Assessment (HIA). This article explores the level of knowledge on HIA environmental and public health professionals have as well as their perception regarding key concepts such as the definition of ‘health’ and the relevance…