Comparison of prognostic models to predict the occurrence of colorectal cancer in asymptomatic individuals: a systematic literature review and external validation in the EPIC and UK Biobank prospective cohort studies

Objective To systematically identify and validate published colorectal cancer risk prediction models that do not require invasive testing in two large population-based prospective cohorts. Design Models were identified through an update of a published systematic review and validated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) and the UK Biobank. The performance of…

Comparison of abdominal adiposity and overall obesity in relation to risk of small intestinal cancer in a European Prospective Cohort

The etiology of small intestinal cancer (SIC) is largely unknown, and there are very few epidemiological studies published to date. No studies have investigated abdominal adiposity in relation to SIC. Methods We investigated overall obesity and abdominal adiposity in relation to SIC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), a large prospective…

Comparative effects of different types of exercise on health-related quality of life during and after active cancer treatment: A systematic review and network meta-analysis

Background The positive influence of most types of exercise has been reported repeatedly, but what the most effective exercise approaches are for improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with cancer remains unknown. The aim of this systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) was to synthesize the evidence from intervention studies to assess the…

Comparabilidad de las ediciones 2006/7 y 2011/12 de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud de España

Fundamentos: La Encuesta Nacional de Salud de España (ENSE) es una de las fuentes principales sobre determinantes sociales de la salud. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron describir el procedimiento de fusión de las ediciones 2006/07 y 2011/12 de la ENSE, y proporcionar acceso libre a las bases de datos y directorio de variables. Métodos:…

Comorbidities, timing of treatments, and chemotherapy use influence outcomes in stage III colon cancer: A population-based European study

Introduction For stage III colon cancer (CC), surgery followed by chemotherapy is the main curative approach, although optimum times between diagnosis and surgery, and surgery and chemotherapy, have not been established. Materials and methods We analysed a population-based sample of 1912 stage III CC cases diagnosed in eight European countries in 2009–2013 aiming to estimate:…

Comorbidities, age and period of diagnosis influence treatment and outcomes in early breast cancer

Survival for breast cancer (BC) is lower in eastern than northern/central Europe, and in older than younger women. We analysed how comorbidities at diagnosis affected whether selected standard treatments (STs) were given, across Europe and over time, also assessing consequences for survival/relapse. We analysed 7,581 stage I/IIA cases diagnosed in 9 European countries in 2009−13,…

Cómo adaptar una investigación cualitativa a contextos de confinamiento

El confinamiento de la población, incluidas las personas investigadoras, pone de manifiesto la necesidad de adaptar la metodología cualitativa, sus técnicas y herramientas, al contexto actual generado por la COVID-19. Internet y los medios o redes sociales posibilitan la recogida de datos textuales, secuencias, imágenes o narrativas sobre una realidad limitada para el acceso a…

Combined impact of healthy lifestyle factors on colorectal cancer: a large European cohort study

Background Excess body weight, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and certain dietary factors are individually related to colorectal cancer (CRC) risk; however, little is known about their joint effects. The aim of this study was to develop a healthy lifestyle index (HLI) composed of five potentially modifiable lifestyle factors ¿ healthy weight, physical activity, non-smoking,…

Combined Genome, Transcriptome and Metabolome Analysis in the Diagnosis of Childhood Cerebellar Ataxia

Ataxia in children is a common clinical sign of numerous neurological disorders consisting of impaired coordination of voluntary muscle movement. Its most common form, cerebellar ataxia, describes a heterogeneous array of neurologic conditions with uncountable causes broadly divided as acquired or genetic. Numerous genetic disorders are associated with chronic progressive ataxia, which complicates clinical management,…

Colaboración entre las revistas de salud pública en España

La historia de la salud pública en España ha sido escrita principalmente en dos revistas que actualmente siguen siendo un referente en su desarrollo académico y profesional. Con trayectorias dispares, la Revista Española de Salud Pública (1926) y Gaceta Sanitaria (1888) comienzan ahora una política de cooperación que pretende situar a la salud pública en la agenda…