Changes in Caregiver Personal Support Networks: Gender Differences and Effects on Health (CUIDAR-SE Study)

Technological changes have led to important advances in medical diagnoses and treatments that prolong the informal care process. Support from the personal network of informal caregivers is an undervalued resource and the changes that have occurred over time are unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in personal network support among…

Cellular immune activity biomarker neopterin is associated hyperlipidemia: results from a large population-based study

Increased serum neopterin had been described in older age two decades ago. Neopterin is a biomarker of systemic adaptive immune activation that could be potentially implicated in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Measurements of waist circumference, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin as components of MetS definition, and plasma total neopterin…

Causal effects of lifetime smoking on breast and colorectal cancer risk: Mendelian randomization study

Background: Observational evidence has shown that smoking is a risk factor for breast and colorectal cancer. We used Mendelian randomization (MR) to examine causal associations between smoking and risks of breast and colorectal cancer. Methods: Genome-wide association study summary data were used to identify genetic variants associated with lifetime amount of smoking (n=126 variants) and…

Características de los ‪ingresos hospitalarios‬ de las personas ‪‎sin hogar‬ en ‪Sevilla‬

Fundamentos: Las personas sin hogar presentan una mayor morbi-mortalidad que las que sí lo tienen. Este hecho no ha sido investigado suficientemente en España desde la perspectiva de la atención hospitalaria. El objetivo fue conocer las características de las hospitalizaciones de las personas sin hogar en dos hospitales de Sevilla. Métodos: Estudio observacional de 103.802…

Cancer survival in adult patients in Spain. Results from nine population-based cancer registries

Introduction With the aim of providing cancer control indicators, this work presents cancer survival in adult (≥15 years) patients in Spain diagnosed during the period 2000–2007 from Spanish cancer registries participating in the EUROCARE project. Methods Cancer cases from nine Spanish population-based cancer registries were included and analysed as a whole. All primary malignant neoplasms diagnosed…

Cancer screening risk literacy of physicians in training: An experimental study

We investigated what factors may foster or hinder physicians’ cancer screening risk literacy–specifically the ability to understand evidence regarding screening effectiveness and make evidence-based recommendations to patients. In an experiment, physicians in training (interns and residents) read statistical information about outcomes from screening for cancer, and had to decide whether to recommend it to a…

Cancer incidence estimation from mortality data: a validation study within a population-based cancer registry

Background Population-based cancer registries are required to calculate cancer incidence in a geographical area, and several methods have been developed to obtain estimations of cancer incidence in areas not covered by a cancer registry. However, an extended analysis of those methods in order to confirm their validity is still needed. Methods We assessed the validity…

Calibrated prevalence of infertility in 30- to 49-year-old women according to different approaches: a cross-sectional population-based study

STUDY QUESTION How does the estimated prevalence of infertility among 30- to 49-year-old women vary when using different approaches to its measurement? SUMMARY ANSWER The prevalence of women with difficulties in conceiving differed widely according to the measurement approach adopted. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY Establishing the true magnitude of infertility as a public health problem…

Calibrated prevalence of disabling chronic pain according to different approaches: a face-to-face cross-sectional population-based study in Southern Spain

Objectives To calculate the prevalence of disabling chronic pain (DCP) and to offer a more representative and accurate estimation by applying different calibration techniques. Settings 2011 Andalusian Health Survey, a cross-sectional population survey based on face-to-face home interviews. Participants 6507 people aged 16 years or older and living in Andalusia, Spain. Outcomes Design weights, linear calibration…