Differences in the management and survival of metastatic colorectal cancer in Europe. A population-based study

Background The management regarding metastatic colorectal cancer throughout Europe is not well known. Aims To draw a European comparison of the management and prognosis of metastatic colorectal cancers. Methods Factors associated with chemotherapy administration were identified through logistic regressions. Net survival was estimated and crude probabilities of death related to cancer and other causes using…

Towards a taxonomy of judicialisation for access to medicines in Latin America

In Latin America, ‘judicialization’ for access to healthcare refers to thousands of different claims, conditions, technologies and circumstances. Its impact depends on what is ‘judicialized’, why, for which benefit, and at what cost to society. Since judges cannot, by themselves, reduce medical uncertainty – or price tags – their health systems are exposed to costly…

Causal effects of lifetime smoking on breast and colorectal cancer risk: Mendelian randomization study

Background: Observational evidence has shown that smoking is a risk factor for breast and colorectal cancer. We used Mendelian randomization (MR) to examine causal associations between smoking and risks of breast and colorectal cancer. Methods: Genome-wide association study summary data were used to identify genetic variants associated with lifetime amount of smoking (n=126 variants) and…

Effect of a mobile‐based intervention on mental health in frontline healthcare workers against COVID‐19: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial

To evaluate the impact of a psychoeducational, mobile health intervention based on cognitive behavioural therapy and mindfulness‐based approaches on the mental health of healthcare workers at the frontline against COVID‐19 in Spain. Design We will carry out a two‐week, individually randomized, parallel group, controlled trial. Participants will be individually randomized to receive the PsyCovidApp intervention…

On the importance of primary and community healthcare in relation to global health and environmental threats: lessons from the COVID-19 crisis

In the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, it has become clear that primary healthcare systems play a critical role in clinical care, such as patient screening, triage, physical and psychological support and also in promoting good community advice and awareness in coordination with secondary healthcare and preventive care. Because of the role of social and…

Diferencias de género en percepciones sobre violencia sexual, igualdad y agresiones sexuales facilitadas por drogas en ocio nocturno

La violencia sexual, incluyendo las agresiones sexuales facilitadas por drogas, es un serio problema cada vez más común en los contextos de ocio nocturno. Este trabajo estudia las actitudes y percepciones de la juventud española en torno a la violencia sexual en dicho ámbito. Los participantes se reclutaron mediante muestreo en bola de nieve. Se…

Evaluation of conventional and non-conventional biomarkers of liver toxicity in greenhouse workers occupationally exposed to pesticides

The liver plays a prominent role in maintenance of homeostasis and is the major organ for xenobiotic metabolism, including pesticides. Conventional liver function tests are widely used to assess hepatocellular and biliary system dysfunction by measuring serum levels of aminotransferases (ALT, AST) and cholestasis enzymes (alkaline phosphatase –ALP– and γ-glutamyl transferase –GGT–), respectively. Although these…

Transdisciplinariedad efectiva en el cuidado de la diabetes: Diagnóstico PRECEDE

La diabetes mellitus (DM) es una enfermedad compleja y multifactorial que requiere un proceso integrado de actividades y diferentes niveles de medición de resultados1. El cuidado transdisciplinario (CTD) es la prestación conjunta que asocia diferentes entornos y disciplinas con interacciones continuas entre el sistema de salud y social en los que cada persona está inmersa…

A Semiautomated Classification System for Producing Service Directories in Social and Health Care (DESDE-AND): Maturity Assessment Study

Background: DESDE-LTC (Description and Evaluation of Services and DirectoriEs for Long-Term Care) is an international classification system that allows standardized coding and comparisons between different territories and care sectors, such as health and social care, in defined geographic areas. We adapted DESDE-LTC into a computer tool (DESDE-AND) for compiling a directory of care services in…

Cancer incidence estimation from mortality data: a validation study within a population-based cancer registry

Background Population-based cancer registries are required to calculate cancer incidence in a geographical area, and several methods have been developed to obtain estimations of cancer incidence in areas not covered by a cancer registry. However, an extended analysis of those methods in order to confirm their validity is still needed. Methods We assessed the validity…