Association Between Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol–Lowering Genetic Variants and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Importance  Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)–lowering alleles in or near NPC1L1 or HMGCR, encoding the respective molecular targets of ezetimibe and statins, have previously been used as proxies to study the efficacy of these lipid-lowering drugs. Alleles near HMGCR are associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes, similar to the increased incidence of new-onset…

Association between anthropometry and lifestyle factors and risk of B cell lymphoma: an exposome wide analysis

To better understand the role of individual and lifestyle factors in human disease, an exposome‐wide association study was performed to investigate within a single study anthropometry measures and lifestyle factors previously associated with B‐cell lymphoma (BCL). Within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition study, 2,402 incident BCL cases were diagnosed from 475,426 participants…

Assessment of Lung Cancer Risk on the Basis of a Biomarker Panel of Circulating Proteins

mportance  There is an urgent need to improve lung cancer risk assessment because current screening criteria miss a large proportion of cases. Objective  To investigate whether a lung cancer risk prediction model based on a panel of selected circulating protein biomarkers can outperform a traditional risk prediction model and current US screening criteria. Design, Setting,…

Assessing Prevalence and Factors Related to Frailty in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Multinomial Logistic Analysis

Frailty is an age-related clinical condition that typically involves a deterioration in the physiological capacity of various organ systems and heightens the patient’s susceptibility to stressors. For this reason, one of the main research goals currently being addressed is that of characterising the impact of frailty in different settings. The main aim of this study…

Assessing Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing in Community-Dwelling Older Patients Using the Updated Version of STOPP-START Criteria: A Comparison of Profiles and Prevalences with Respect to the Original Version

Emerging and changing evidence made it necessary to update STOPP-START criteria, and version 2 was published recently. In this study the objectives were to determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication prescribing (PIM) in primary care using STOPP versions 1 (v1) and 2 (v2), as well as 2012 AGS Beers criteria, and analyze the factors…

Asociación entre la caminabilidad del barrio de residencia y la mortalidad por distintas causas en Andalucía

Objetivo Describir la asociación entre la caminabilidad del barrio de residencia y la mortalidad. Método Estudio ecológico de áreas pequeñas. Se calcularon las razones de mortalidad estandarizadas (RME) y el Walk Score© en cada sección censal. Los valores se compararon con pruebas paramétricas y no paramétricas. Resultados En los hombres, las RME medias para enfermedades…

Arquitectura Sanitaria en el Sistema Sanitario Público de Andalucía. Guía de diseño de Radiodiagnóstico Hospitalario

Título: Arquitectura sanitaria en el Sistema Sanitario Público de Andalucía: Guía de diseño de radiodiagnóstico hospitalario. Edición 2016 Autor: Servicio Andaluz de Salud y Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública Resumen: La información que contiene esta Guía define una base común para proyectar el diseño arquitectónico del Área de Radiodiagnóstico de los distintos hospitales del Sistema Sanitario Público de…

Arquitectura sanitaria en el Sistema Sanitario Público de Andalucía: Guía de diseño del Servicio de Urgencias de hospitales. Edición 2018

Título: Arquitectura sanitaria en el Sistema Sanitario Público de Andalucía: Guía de diseño del Servicio de Urgencias de Hospitales. Edición 2018 Autor: Servicio Andaluz de Salud y Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública Resumen: La información que contiene esta Guía define una base común para proyectar el diseño arquitectónico del Servicio de Urgencias de los distintos hospitales del Sistema…

Aromatic DNA adducts and breast cancer risk: a case-cohort study within the EPIC-Spain

Epidemiologic evidence linking environmental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) with breast cancer is limited. Measurement of DNA adducts formed by aromatic compounds, including PAH, has been carried in breast tissue samples and white blood cells from women with breast cancer and different kinds of controls. However, these studies provide inconsistent results and bias cannot…

Approach to identifying research gaps on vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban settings: scoping review protocol from the VERDAS consortium and reflections on the project’s implementation

Background This paper presents the overall approach undertaken by the “VEctor boRne DiseAses Scoping reviews” (VERDAS) consortium in response to a call issued by the Vectors, Environment and Society unit of the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases hosted by the World Health Organization. The aim of the project was to undertake…