Sida y mujer. Buenas prácticas en prevención

La presente publicación de 2002 fue un instrumento para difundir los resultados del proyecto PHASE (Prevention of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections in Europe). Se recogen diferentes artículos relacionados con la situación epidemiológica, el contexto social, político y cultural en que se desarrollaban las estrategias y actividades relacionadas con la prevención en Europa.  

Smoking and All-cause Mortality in Older Adults: Results From the CHANCES Consortium

ntroduction Smoking is known to be a major cause of death among middle-aged adults, but evidence on its impact and the benefits of smoking cessation among older adults has remained limited. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the influence of smoking and smoking cessation on all-cause mortality in people aged ≥60 years. Methods Relative mortality and…

Social determinants of health and COVID-19 infection in Brazil: an analysis of the pandemic

Objetivo: Analizar la influencia de factores socioeconómicos, demográficos, epidemiológicos y estructura del sistema de salud en la evolución del COVID-19 en Brasil. Métodos: Estudio ecológico con variables extraídas de bancos de datos, teniendo la incidencia y mortalidad por COVID-19 hasta 23 de agosto de 2020, en estados brasileños, como variables respuesta. Las relaciones han estimadas…

Social support buffers the negative effects of stress in cardiac patients: a cross-sectional study with acute coronary syndrome patients

Cardiac patients who have social support generally have better prognosis than patients who lack social support. Several theoretical mechanisms have been proposed to explain this protective effect, including the capacity of social support to buffer the negative effects of stress. We tested this buffering effect in a study of patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome…

Socio-demographic, lifestyle, and dietary determinants of essential and possibly-essential trace element levels in adipose tissue from an adult cohort

There is increasing evidence linking levels of trace elements (TEs) in adipose tissue with certain chronic conditions (e.g., diabetes or obesity). The objectives of this study were to assess concentrations of a selection of nine essential and possibly-essential TEs in adipose tissue samples from an adult cohort and to explore their socio-demographic, dietary, and lifestyle…

Socio-economic factors linked with mental health during the recession: a multilevel analysis

Background Periods of financial crisis are associated with higher psychological stress among the population and greater use of mental health services. The objective is to analyse contextual factors associated with mental health among the Spanish population during the recession. Methodology Cross-sectional, descriptive study of two periods: before the recession (2006) and after therecession (2011-2012). The…

Socio-Economic Inequalities in Lung Cancer Outcomes: An Overview of Systematic Reviews

In the past decade, evidence has accumulated about socio-economic inequalities in very diverse lung cancer outcomes. To better understand the global effects of socio-economic factors in lung cancer, we conducted an overview of systematic reviews. Four databases were searched for systematic reviews reporting on the relationship between measures of socio-economic status (SES) (individual or area-based)…