Was access to health care easy for immigrants in Spain? The perspectives of health personnel in Catalonia and Andalusia

Until April 2012, all Spanish citizens were entitled to health care and policies had been developed at national and regional level to remove potential barriers of access, however, evidence suggested problems of access for immigrants. In order to identify factors affecting immigrants’ access to health care, we conducted a qualitative study based on individual interviews…

Weight change in middle adulthood and risk of cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort

Obesity is a risk factor for several major cancers. Associations of weight change in middle adulthood with cancer risk, however, are less clear. We examined the association of change in weight and body mass index (BMI) category during middle adulthood with 42 cancers, using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models in the European Prospective Investigation into…

What makes one feel eustress or distress in quarantine? An analysis from conservation of resources (COR) theory

Objective Health quarantines produce serious deterioration in psychological health, which becomes more affected the longer the quarantine lasts. According to the Conservation of Resources theory from Hobfoll (1989, American Psychologist, 44, 513), those people who have a good supply of resources will be able to cope better with the adversities and will show less distress. The…

What shapes the probability weighting function? Influence of affect, numeric competencies, and information formats

Research suggests that people are less sensitive to variations in probability in affect‐rich compared with affect‐poor risky choices. This effect is modeled by a more curved probability weighting function (PWF). We investigated the role of different numeric competencies and the effectiveness of several intervention strategies to decrease this affect‐laden probability distortion. In two experiments, we…

When people live with multiple chronic diseases: a collaborative approach to an emerging global challenge

Desde hace algunos años asistimos a un cambio profundo en nuestra percepción de lo que debe ser la atención sanitaria. Frente a una visión del enfermar basada en episodios que requieren una serie de actuaciones de mayor o menor intensidad, pero limitadas en el tiempo, nos enfrentamos, muy frecuentemente, con problemas crónicos de salud, que…

Who does what the cardiologist recommends? Psychosocial markers of unhealthy behavior in coronary disease patients

Patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease should follow lifestyle recommendations that can reduce their cardiovascular risk (e.g., avoid smoking). However, some patients fail to follow these recommendations and engage in unhealthy behavior. With the aim to identify psychosocial factors that characterize patients at high risk of repeated cardiovascular events, we investigated the relationship between social…

Work, household, and leisure-time physical activity and risk of mortality in the EPIC-Spain cohort

Objective Large-scale longitudinal data on the association of domain-specific physical activity (PA) and mortality is limited. Our objective was to evaluate the association of work, household (HPA), and leisure time PA (LTPA) with overall and cause-specific mortality in the EPIC-Spain study. Methods 38,379 participants (62.4% women), 30–65 years old, and free of chronic disease at baseline…

Worry, risk perception, and controllability predict intentions towards COVID-19 preventive behaviors

The ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 has already had serious worldwide health, socio-economic, political, and educational consequences. In the present study, we investigated what factors can motivate young adults to comply with the recommended preventive measures against coronavirus infection. Even though young people are less likely to suffer severe medical consequences from the virus, they can…

XI Jornadas de Salud Pública: Salud pública ante escenarios de futuro. 20 a 25 noviembre 2017

Día 20 de noviembre. Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública. Granada Presentación Jornadas 1ª Parte Presentación Jornadas 2ª Parte Inauguración Jornadas Conferencia Inaugural Mesa Debate: Claves Escenarios Futuros Presentación Mejores Comunicaciones Día 21 de noviembre. Delegación Territorial de Igualdad, Salud y Políticas Sociales. Córdoba Inauguración Conferencia TIC y Salud Mesa Debate: Claves Escenarios Futuros Presentación Mejores…