Thyroid Cancer Epidemiology in South Spain: a population-based time trend study

Purpose Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common malignant disease of the endocrine system. The aim of this study was to analyze incidence and mortality trends of TC (C73 according to ICD-O-3) in Granada (Southern Spain) during the period 1985–2013, by sex, age, and histological type. Methods This is a population-based cross-sectional study. Incidence data…

Timing of eating across ten European countries – results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study

Objective: To examine timing of eating across ten European countries. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study using standardized 24 h diet recalls collected during 1995–2000. Eleven predefined food consumption occasions were assessed during the recall interview. We present time of consumption of meals and snacks as…

Towards a taxonomy of judicialisation for access to medicines in Latin America

In Latin America, ‘judicialization’ for access to healthcare refers to thousands of different claims, conditions, technologies and circumstances. Its impact depends on what is ‘judicialized’, why, for which benefit, and at what cost to society. Since judges cannot, by themselves, reduce medical uncertainty – or price tags – their health systems are exposed to costly…

Trabajo nocturno por turnos y el riesgo de cáncer de mama y próstata: actualizando la evidencia a partir de estudios epidemiológicos

Resumen   Se ha formulado la hipótesis de que la disrupción circadiana está relacionada con un mayor riesgo de cáncer. Desde que la Agencia Internacional de Investigación sobre el Cáncer clasificó la disrupción circadiana asociada al trabajo por turnos como “probablemente carcinógeno para los humanos” (Grupo 2A) se han llevado a cabo numerosos estudios para…

Transdisciplinariedad efectiva en el cuidado de la diabetes: Diagnóstico PRECEDE

La diabetes mellitus (DM) es una enfermedad compleja y multifactorial que requiere un proceso integrado de actividades y diferentes niveles de medición de resultados1. El cuidado transdisciplinario (CTD) es la prestación conjunta que asocia diferentes entornos y disciplinas con interacciones continuas entre el sistema de salud y social en los que cada persona está inmersa…

Treatment choice in the presence of conflicting information: The role of physician likeability in the choice of non-proven therapies against conventional treatment

Research on why patients sometimes choose non-proven therapies (NPT) instead of conventional treatments is limited. We investigated how physician likeability influences the choice of NPT instead of conventional treatment. In an experiment with three medical scenarios, participants (N = 384) consulted two physicians who gave conflicting recommendations: The first physician recommended a conventional treatment and the second…

Trends in endpoint selection and result interpretation in advanced non‐small cell lung cancer clinical trials published between 2000 and 2012: A retrospective cohort study

Background The objective of this review was to investigate trends in clinical trial design, specifically, the primary outcomes used, interpretation of results, and the magnitude of the benefits described in phase III controlled clinical trials in the first‐line treatment of patients with advanced non‐small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods Seventy‐six trials published between 2000 and…

Trends in gender of authors of original research in oncology among major medical journals: a retrospective bibliometric study

Objective We evaluated the temporal trend in gender ratios of first and last authors in the field of oncological research published in major general medical and oncology journals and examined the gender pattern in coauthorship. Design We conducted a retrospective study in PubMed using the R package RISmed. We retrieved original research articles published in…

Trends in incidence of thick, thin and in situ melanoma in Europe

Background We analysed trends in incidence for in situ and invasive melanoma in some European countries during the period 1995–2012, stratifying for lesion thickness. Material and methods Individual anonymised data from population-based European cancer registries (CRs) were collected and combined in a common database, including information on age, sex, year of diagnosis, histological type, tumour…