Activity and determinants of cholinesterases and paraoxonase-1 in blood of workers exposed to non-cholinesterase inhibiting pesticides

Pesticide exposure has been associated with different adverse health effects which may be modulated to some extent by paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity and genetic polymorphisms. This study assessed seasonal variations in PON1 activity (using paraoxon –POase–, phenylacetate –AREase–, diazoxon –DZOase– and dihydrocoumarin –DHCase– as substrates), erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and plasma cholinesterase (using butyrylthiocholine –BuChE– and benzoylcholine…

Acrylamide and glycidamide hemoglobin adduct levels and endometrial cancer risk: A nested case-control study in non-smoking postmenopausal women from the EPIC cohort

Acrylamide, classified in 1994 by IARC as ‘probably carcinogenic to humans’, was discovered in 2002 in some heat-treated, carbohydrate-rich foods. Four prospective studies have evaluated the association between dietary acrylamide intake and endometrial cancer (EC) risk with inconsistent results. The purpose of this nested case-control study, based on the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and…

Acción Comunitaria para ganar Salud

Guía Acción Comunitaria para ganar Salud…o cómo trabajar en común para mejorar las condiciones de vida Coordinación institucional: Ministerio de Sanidad. Dirección General de Salud Pública. Subdirección General de Promoción, Prevención y Calidad Coordinación técnica: Mariano Hernán García. Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública Jara Cubillo Llanes. Ministerio de Sanidad ¿A quién se dirige esta guía?…

Acceptance or decline of requests to review manuscripts: A gender-based approach from a public health journal

Peer review in the scientific publication is widely used as a method to identify valuable knowledge. Editors have the task of selecting appropriate reviewers. We assessed the reasons given by potential reviewers for declining a request to review, and the factors associated with acceptance, taking into account the difference in the sex of the reviewer.…

Acabar con la pobreza

La reducción de la pobreza es una obligación para todos los gobiernos del planeta y un deber ético para la ciudadanía del mundo. La pobreza actual, que alcanza a la mitad de la población mundial degrada la condición humana. De los retos relacionados con la reducción de la pobreza y las estrategias más adecuadas para…

A systematic review and meta-analysis of HIV prevention interventions for socioeconomically disadvantaged ethnic minority women in OECD member countries

Background Recently there have been many encouraging developments in the global effort to combat HIV and AIDS. The latest data collected by UNAIDS on the status of the disease showed a 33% reduction in new HIV cases since 2001 and a decrease of 700,000 deaths annually since the peak in 2005. 1 Within the 34…

A Semiautomated Classification System for Producing Service Directories in Social and Health Care (DESDE-AND): Maturity Assessment Study

Background: DESDE-LTC (Description and Evaluation of Services and DirectoriEs for Long-Term Care) is an international classification system that allows standardized coding and comparisons between different territories and care sectors, such as health and social care, in defined geographic areas. We adapted DESDE-LTC into a computer tool (DESDE-AND) for compiling a directory of care services in…