Visión crítica y argumentación sobre los programas de atención de la cronicidad en Atención Primaria y Comunitaria

El análisis detallado de los planes de atención a la cronicidad desarrollados por los servicios regionales de salud pone de manifiesto un sorprendente nivel de uniformidad en su diseño y despliegue, a pesar de las diferencias existentes entre dichos servicios. La revisión de la literatura sobre los modelos teóricos que lo sustentan y los instrumentos…

Visión crítica y argumentación sobre los programas de atención de la cronicidad en Atención Primaria y Comunitaria

El análisis detallado de los planes de atención a la cronicidad desarrollados por los servicios regionales de salud pone de manifiesto un sorprendente nivel de uniformidad en su diseño y despliegue, a pesar de las diferencias existentes entre dichos servicios. La revisión de la literatura sobre los modelos teóricos que lo sustentan y los instrumentos…

Vitamin D-Related Genes, Blood Vitamin D Levels and Colorectal Cancer Risk in Western European Populations

Higher circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels (25(OH)D) have been found to be associated with lower risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) in prospective studies. Whether this association is modified by genetic variation in genes related to vitamin D metabolism and action has not been well studied in humans. We investigated 1307 functional and tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs;…

Vivencias y emociones profesionales en el proceso de donación y trasplantes de órganos. Una revisión sistemática

Introducción El objetivo de este artículo fue explorar, analizar y sintetizar las experiencias emocionales de profesionales sanitarios de donación y trasplantes. Método Se realizó una revisión sistemática cualitativa en Medline, Science Direct y la Biblioteca Virtual del Sistema Sanitario Público de Andalucía. Se seleccionaron 16 artículos originales, realizando una evaluación cualitativa y síntesis narrativa. Resultados…

Was access to health care easy for immigrants in Spain? The perspectives of health personnel in Catalonia and Andalusia

Until April 2012, all Spanish citizens were entitled to health care and policies had been developed at national and regional level to remove potential barriers of access, however, evidence suggested problems of access for immigrants. In order to identify factors affecting immigrants’ access to health care, we conducted a qualitative study based on individual interviews…

Weight change in middle adulthood and risk of cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort

Obesity is a risk factor for several major cancers. Associations of weight change in middle adulthood with cancer risk, however, are less clear. We examined the association of change in weight and body mass index (BMI) category during middle adulthood with 42 cancers, using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models in the European Prospective Investigation into…

What makes one feel eustress or distress in quarantine? An analysis from conservation of resources (COR) theory

Objective Health quarantines produce serious deterioration in psychological health, which becomes more affected the longer the quarantine lasts. According to the Conservation of Resources theory from Hobfoll (1989, American Psychologist, 44, 513), those people who have a good supply of resources will be able to cope better with the adversities and will show less distress. The…

What shapes the probability weighting function? Influence of affect, numeric competencies, and information formats

Research suggests that people are less sensitive to variations in probability in affect‐rich compared with affect‐poor risky choices. This effect is modeled by a more curved probability weighting function (PWF). We investigated the role of different numeric competencies and the effectiveness of several intervention strategies to decrease this affect‐laden probability distortion. In two experiments, we…

When people live with multiple chronic diseases: a collaborative approach to an emerging global challenge

Desde hace algunos años asistimos a un cambio profundo en nuestra percepción de lo que debe ser la atención sanitaria. Frente a una visión del enfermar basada en episodios que requieren una serie de actuaciones de mayor o menor intensidad, pero limitadas en el tiempo, nos enfrentamos, muy frecuentemente, con problemas crónicos de salud, que…

Who does what the cardiologist recommends? Psychosocial markers of unhealthy behavior in coronary disease patients

Patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease should follow lifestyle recommendations that can reduce their cardiovascular risk (e.g., avoid smoking). However, some patients fail to follow these recommendations and engage in unhealthy behavior. With the aim to identify psychosocial factors that characterize patients at high risk of repeated cardiovascular events, we investigated the relationship between social…