Compliance with Supportive Periodontal/Peri‐Implant Therapy: A Systematic Review

Aim The present systematic review aimed at assessing the degree of compliance with supportive periodontal/peri‐implant therapy as well as identifying patient‐related factors that could potentially play a role on patient compliance. Methods Electronic and manual literature searches were carried out to assess patient compliance during maintenance. Main outcomes were compliance definition, degree of compliance and…

How Do Women Interpret the NHS Information Leaflet about Cervical Cancer Screening?

Background. Organized screening programs often rely on written materials to inform the public. In the United Kingdom, women invited for cervical cancer screening receive a leaflet from the National Health Service (NHS) to support screening decisions. However, information about screening may be too complex for people to understand, potentially hindering informed decision making. Objectives. We…

Prospective analysis of circulating metabolites and breast cancer in EPIC

Background Metabolomics is a promising molecular tool to identify novel etiologic pathways leading to cancer. Using a targeted approach, we prospectively investigated the associations between metabolite concentrations in plasma and breast cancer risk. Methods A nested case-control study was established within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer cohort, which included 1624 first primary incident invasive…

cvauroc: Command to compute cross-validated area under the curve for ROC analysis after predictive modeling for binary outcomes

Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis is used for comparing predictive models in both model selection and model evaluation. ROC analysis is often applied in clinical medicine and social science to assess the tradeoff between model sensitivity and specificity. After fitting a binary logistic or probit regression model with a set of independent variables, the predictive…

Asociación entre la caminabilidad del barrio de residencia y la mortalidad por distintas causas en Andalucía

Objetivo Describir la asociación entre la caminabilidad del barrio de residencia y la mortalidad. Método Estudio ecológico de áreas pequeñas. Se calcularon las razones de mortalidad estandarizadas (RME) y el Walk Score© en cada sección censal. Los valores se compararon con pruebas paramétricas y no paramétricas. Resultados En los hombres, las RME medias para enfermedades…

Exogenous Hormone Use and Cutaneous Melanoma Risk in Women: The European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition

Evidence suggests an influence of sex hormones on cutaneous melanoma risk, but epidemiologic findings are conflicting. We examined the associations between use of oral contraceptives (OCs) and menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) and melanoma risk in women participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). EPIC is a prospective cohort study initiated in…

Association Between Soft Drink Consumption and Mortality in 10 European Countries

Importance  Soft drinks are frequently consumed, but whether this consumption is associated with mortality risk is unknown and has been understudied in European populations to date. Objective  To examine the association between total, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened soft drink consumption and subsequent total and cause-specific mortality. Design, Setting, and Participants  This population-based cohort study involved…

Using longitudinal targeted maximum likelihood estimation in complex settings with dynamic interventions

Longitudinal targeted maximum likelihood estimation (LTMLE) has very rarely been used to estimate dynamic treatment effects in the context of time‐dependent confounding affected by prior treatment when faced with long follow‐up times, multiple time‐varying confounders, and complex associational relationships simultaneously. Reasons for this include the potential computational burden, technical challenges, restricted modeling options for long…

Vitamin D-Related Genes, Blood Vitamin D Levels and Colorectal Cancer Risk in Western European Populations

Higher circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels (25(OH)D) have been found to be associated with lower risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) in prospective studies. Whether this association is modified by genetic variation in genes related to vitamin D metabolism and action has not been well studied in humans. We investigated 1307 functional and tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs;…