Trends in lung cancer incidence by histologic subtype in the south of Spain, 1985–2012: a population-based study

Purpose To analyze and interpret age- and sex-specific incidence trends of lung cancer in Granada over the period 1985–2012 and to further analyze these trends by histologic subtype. Methods Incidence data were obtained from the population-based cancer registry located in Granada (Southern Spain). All cases with newly diagnosed primary lung cancer over the period 1985–2012…

Polymorphisms of pesticide-metabolizing genes in children living in intensive farming communities

Polymorphisms in genes encoding xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes (XME) are important parameters accounting for the wide inter-individual variability to environmental exposures. Paraoxonase-1 (PON1), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and Cytochrome-P450 constitute major classes of XME involved in the detoxification of pesticide chemicals, in particular organophosphates. This study explored the allelic frequency, linkage disequilibrium and haplotype analysis of ten common polymorphic…

Controversial messages on cancer

A direct connection between certain lifestyle factors and an increased risk of cancer has already been established. Despite well-documented associations, controversial messages on causes of cancer often appear without taking into consideration their impact on the general population. While mainstream coverage of cancer research is clearly welcome, consideration must be given to the risk of…

Main nutrient patterns are associated with prospective weight change in adults from 10 European countries

Purpose Various food patterns have been associated with weight change in adults, but it is unknown which combinations of nutrients may account for such observations. We investigated associations between main nutrient patterns and prospective weight change in adults. Methods This study includes 235,880 participants, 25–70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 in 10 European countries.…

Baseline and lifetime alcohol consumption and risk of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in the EPIC study

Background: Results from several cohort and case–control studies suggest a protective association between current alcohol intake and risk of thyroid carcinoma, but the epidemiological evidence is not completely consistent and several questions remain unanswered. Methods: The association between alcohol consumption at recruitment and over the lifetime and risk of differentiated thyroid carcinoma was examined in…

Necesidad de la perspectiva de género en el anuario de Anales de Pediatría

Sra. Editora: Gracias al editorial publicado en junio: «El espacio de los editores: anuario de Anales de Pediatría»1, hemos conocido el balance anual de esta revista. El proceso de evaluación de las revistas científicas es una actividad fundamental para mejorar la calidad y transparencia de sus contenidos. Con la intención de enriquecer este ejercicio de…

Prevalencia de obesidad infantil y juvenil en España en 2012

Introducción y objetivos: la obesidad es un importante factor de riesgo cardiovascular. En España son pocos los estudios que hayan realizado una medición física del peso y la estatura para estimar la magnitud del problema. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la prevalencia de obesidad infantil y juvenil en España en 2012. Métodos: estudio…

Nutrient Patterns and Their Food Sources in an International Study Setting: Report from the EPIC Study

Compared to food patterns, nutrient patterns have been rarely used particularly at international level. We studied, in the context of a multi-center study with heterogeneous data, the methodological challenges regarding pattern analyses. We identified nutrient patterns from food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study and used 24-hour…

Preoperative use of statins does not improve outcomes and development of acute renal failure after cardiac surgery. A propensity score analysis of ARIAM-Andalucía database

Statin use prior to cardiac surgery has been reported to improve outcomes in the postoperative period because of other effects apart from decreasing lipid levels. Objective of the study was to analyse mortality and acute renal failure (ARF) during the cardiac surgery postoperative period in patients treated with or without statins. METHODS: This prospective cohort…