|Titulo||Informal payments in the Greek health sector amid the financial crisis: old habits die last...|
|Autoría||Souliotis K, Golna C, Tountas Y, Siskou O, Kaitelidou D, Liaropoulos L.|
|Fuente||Eur J Health Econ. 2015 Feb 3. [Epub ahead of print]|
BACKGROUND: Under-the-table informal payments are commonplace as reimbursements for health care services in Greece. As the country faces a severe financial crisis, the need to investigate the extent of such payments, their incidence and their impact on household income is pressing. METHODS: A survey of 2,741 persons from across the country was conducted between December 2011 and February 2012. The sample was defined via a multistage selection process using a quota for municipality of residence, sex and age. The maximum error margin was 2.41 % with a confidence interval of 95 %. RESULTS: The survey reports under-the-table payments for approximately 32.4 % of public hospital admissions. Private clinics, which display the bulk of out-of-pocket payments, naturally display the lowest under-the-table payments. The highest percentage of under-the-table payments in the private sector appears at visits to private practitioners and dentists (36 %). Informal payments are most frequently made upon request, prior to service provision, to facilitate access to care and to reduce waiting times, and at a much lower percentage, to post-service provision, and out of gratitude. CONCLUSIONS: This survey reveals that, due to severe financial pressure, there is a growing unwillingness of citizens to pay informally and an increasing demand for these payments as a prerequisite for access to services or to redeem services provided. This "hidden" financial burden of at least 27 % impacts negatively on the living conditions of households and is not reported as purchasing ability or cost of living.
|Tipo de documento||Artículo cientifico|
|Impacto en el sistema sanitario||Cobertura y cartera de servicios|
|Impacto en la salud||--|