Concentrations of bisphenol-A in adults from the general population: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Background Human bisphenol-A (BPA) exposure has been linked to adverse health effects even at low doses, which may be of potential public health concern. Objective To summarize BPA concentrations in general human population and their variability according to sex, geographic area, and analytical method. Methods Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting BPA concentrations in…

Novel Biomarkers of Habitual Alcohol Intake and Associations with Risk of Pancreatic and Liver Cancers and Liver Disease Mortality

Background Alcohol is an established risk factor for several cancers, but modest alcohol-cancer associations may be missed due to measurement error in self-reported assessments. Biomarkers of habitual alcohol intake may provide novel insight into the relationship between alcohol and cancer risk. Methods Untargeted metabolomics was used to identify metabolites correlated with self-reported habitual alcohol intake…

Associations of accumulated selected persistent organic pollutants in adipose tissue with insulin sensitivity and risk of incident type-2 diabetes

Continuous exposure to low doses of persistent organic pollutant (POPs), such as those occurring in the general population, might contribute to the burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, evidences from longitudinal studies are scarce. We aimed to explore the associations of accumulated POP exposure with the development of T2DM by means of 1)…

Comprehension and Recall of Information about Factors Associated to Peri‐Implantitis: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Aim : To evaluate the effect of different communication strategies on comprehension and recall of information about factors associated to peri‐implantitis. Material and methods : A prospective, randomized controlled trial was conducted in consecutive patients diagnosed with peri‐implantitis. The sample was divided into three groups according to the communication strategy used: Test group1 – Written communication…

Prenatal perfluoroalkyl substance exposure and neuropsychological development throughout childhood: The INMA Project

Background Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been related to neurodevelopmental toxicity in animals. However, human studies are inconclusive. Objectives To evaluate the association between prenatal PFAS exposure and neuropsychological development during childhood. Methods 1240 mother–child pairs from the Spanish INMA Project were analyzed. Perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA)…

Dietary intake and plasma phospholipid concentrations of saturated, monounsaturated and trans fatty acids and colorectal cancer risk in the EPIC cohort

Epidemiologic studies examining the association between specific fatty acids and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk are inconclusive. We investigated the association between dietary estimates and plasma levels of individual and total saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA), industrial‐processed trans (iTFA), and ruminant‐sourced trans (rTFA) fatty acids, and CRC risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Baseline fatty acid…

Análisis con perspectiva de género de la Encuesta de Fecundidad 2018 en España

Objetivo Analizar el lenguaje y el contenido del cuestionario utilizado en la Encuesta de Fecundidad 2018 en España, desde una perspectiva de género. Método Diseño cualitativo basado en el análisis de contenido del cuestionario empleado en la Encuesta de Fecundidad 2018, utilizando recomendaciones y guías metodológicas para estadísticas con perspectiva de género y la comparación…

A prospective diet-wide association study for risk of colorectal cancer in EPIC

BACKGROUND & AIMS Evidence regarding the association of dietary exposures with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is not consistent with a few exceptions. Therefore, we conducted a diet-wide association study (DWAS) in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) to evaluate the associations between several dietary exposures with CRC risk. METHODS The association of…

Cost-utility of talazoparib monotherapy treatment for locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer in Spain

Breast cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies. The aim of the article is to analyse the cost-utility ratio and budgetary impact of talazoparib treatment for patients with locally advanced or metastatic gBRCA + breast cancer from the perspective of the Spanish National Health System. Analyses were based on the EMBRACA clinical trial and the model was constructed…