Incidencia, tratamiento y factores asociados con la supervivencia de la parada cardiaca extrahospitalaria atendida por los servicios de emergencias en España: informe 2022 del registro OHSCAR

La parada cardiorrespiratoria extrahospitalaria (PCREH) es un grave problema de salud pública mundial, con una incidencia anual estimada entorno a entorno a los 350.000 y 400.000 casos de PCERH en Europa y Estados Unidos, respectivamente. La supervivencia final se sitúa en porcentajes que apenas alcanzan el 10%, aunque existe una importante variabilidad entre países e…

Process evaluation of PsyCovidApp, a digital tool for mobile devices aimed at protecting the mental health of healthcare professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic: a mixed method study

Introduction: PsyCovidApp, a digital intervention aimed at safeguarding the mental health of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, demonstrated in a randomized clinical trial to yield significant improvements solely among healthcare workers undergoing psychotherapy or receiving psychotropic medication. Objectives: (1) To identify contextual factors and mechanisms of action that influenced the impact of PsyCovidApp during…

Nitrosyl-Heme and Heme Iron Intake from Processed Meats in Subjects from the EPIC-Spain Cohort

Background: The consumption of processed meats (PMs) and red meats are linked to the likelihood of developing colorectal cancer. Various theories have been proposed to explain this connection, focusing on nitrosyl-heme and heme iron intake. We hypothesized that differences in nitrosyl-heme and heme iron intakes will be associated with various sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. Methods:…

Association of Coffee Consumption and Prediagnostic Caffeine Metabolites With Incident Parkinson Disease in a Population-Based Cohort

Abstract Background and Objectives Inverse associations between caffeine intake and Parkinson disease (PD) have been frequently implicated in human studies. However, no studies have quantified biomarkers of caffeine intake years before PD onset and investigated whether and which caffeine metabolites are related to PD. Methods Associations between self-reported total coffee consumption and future PD risk…

Inflammation and Gut Barrier Function-Related Genes and Colorectal Cancer Risk in Western European Populations

Gut barrier dysfunction and related inflammation are known to be associated with the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated associations of 292 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 27 genes related to endotoxins/lipopolysaccharide (LPS) sensing and tolerance, mucin synthesis, inflammation, and Crohn’s disease with colon and rectal cancer risks. Incident CRC cases (N=1,374; colon=871,…

Association between pre-diagnostic circulating lipid metabolites and colorectal cancer risk: a nested case–control study in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)

Background Altered lipid metabolism is a hallmark of cancer development. However, the role of specific lipid metabolites in colorectal cancer development is uncertain. Methods In a case–control study nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), we examined associations between pre-diagnostic circulating concentrations of 97 lipid metabolites (acylcarnitines, glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids) and…

Calibration and XGBoost reweighting to reduce coverage and non-response biases in overlapping panel surveys: application to the Healthcare and Social Survey

Background Surveys have been used worldwide to provide information on the COVID-19 pandemic impact so as to prepare and deliver an effective Public Health response. Overlapping panel surveys allow longitudinal estimates and more accurate cross-sectional estimates to be obtained thanks to the larger sample size. However, the problem of non-response is particularly aggravated in the…

Respuesta a la crisis sanitaria de la COVID-19 desde la perspectiva de género: lecciones aprendidas

Objetivo Profundizar desde la perspectiva de género en las lecciones aprendidas durante la pandemia de COVID-19 para hacer frente a futuras crisis de salud. Método Estudio con informantes clave con experiencia en salud pública y género del Ministerio de Sanidad, Consejerías de las comunidades autónomas, Institut Català de la Salut, Hospital de La Princesa, Escuela Andaluza…

Enfoque de derechos humanos en la respuesta a salud y migración en Chile: revisión documental

Objetivo. Analizar el reconocimiento de derechos a la salud de las personas migrantes en Chile en el marco normativo de salud. Material y métodos. Estudio de metodología mixta secuencial. La fase cualitativa incluyó un análisis documental de 37 instrumentos publicados hasta el año 2021 sobre acciones de salud dirigidas a población migrante. Mediante el análisis…

Aborto en Melilla: barreras de océano y frontera

Objetivo Describir el recorrido que realizan las mujeres para abortar en Melilla, así como identificar y analizar las barreras para su acceso. Método Investigación cualitativa con un total de ocho entrevistas semiestructuradas realizadas durante 2022 a tres personas referentes en el tema del aborto de ámbito nacional y a cinco profesionales del Área de Salud…