Lifestyle factors and risk of multimorbidity of cancer and cardiometabolic diseases: a multinational cohort study

Background Although lifestyle factors have been studied in relation to individual non-communicable diseases (NCDs), their association with development of a subsequent NCD, defined as multimorbidity, has been scarcely investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between five lifestyle factors and incident multimorbidity of cancer and cardiometabolic diseases. Methods In this prospective cohort…

Factors That Influence Coping With Chronic Noncancer Pain in European Countries: A Systematic Review of Measuring Instruments

Background and aim Coping can be defined as the cognitive efforts and behavioral practices that people develop in situations which they consider to be stressful. In people with Chronic Non-Cancer Pain (CNCP), coping is influenced by the biological, psychological, and socio-cultural resources available to them. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the…

Intimate Partner Violence and Perinatal Health: A Systematic Review

Background Physical, psychological and sexual Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) have been described in the literature as different types of IPV experienced by women during pregnancy all over the world. Objectives To systematically review and summarize the empirical evidence on the links between IPV during pregnancy and the perinatal health of mothers and fetuses/neonates. Search Strategy…

Determinants of Burden and Satisfaction in Informal Caregivers: Two Sides of the Same Coin? The CUIDAR-SE Study

The aim of this study conducted in Spain was to analyze and compare burden, severe burden, and satisfaction among informal caregivers in relation to health-related quality of life (HRQoL), type and duration of caregiving, perceived social support, and use of social and health care services. We performed multivariate analyses to identify variables associated with caregiver…

Bisphenol-A in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort in Spain: Levels at recruitment and associated dietary factors

Bisphenol A (BPA) is considered an endocrine disruptor and it is present in numerous products of daily use. The aim of this study was to analyze serum BPA concentrations in a subcohort of the Spanish European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), as well as to identify potential predictors of the exposure. The population…

Adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research cancer prevention recommendations and risk of in situ breast cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort

Background Even though in situ breast cancer (BCIS) accounts for a large proportion of the breast cancers diagnosed, few studies have investigated potential risk factors for BCIS. Their results suggest that some established risk factors for invasive breast cancer have a similar impact on BCIS risk, but large population-based studies on lifestyle factors and BCIS…

Evaluación económica de la inclusión en el calendario vacunal de 4CMenB (Bexsero®) en España

Introducción Bexsero® (4CMenB), vacuna contra el meningococo B, fue autorizada en Europa en 2013. En España, a pesar de que el meningococo B es la principal causa de enfermedad meningocócica invasiva (EMI), Bexsero® está recomendada y financiada para pacientes con alto riesgo de EMI pero no de forma sistemática en el calendario vacunal del SNS.…

Sexual violence and eclampsia: analysis of data from Demographic and Health Surveys from seven low- and middle-income countries

Background Scientific literature has provided clear evidence of the profound impact of sexual violence on women’s health, such as somatic disorders and mental adverse outcomes. However, consequences related to obstetric complications are not yet completely clarified. This study aimed to assess the association of lifetime exposure to intimate partner sexual violence with eclampsia.   Methods…

Benign Adrenocortical Tumors and the Detection of Nonadrenal Neoplasia

Context. Patients with adrenocortical tumors have been frequently observed to have nonadrenal neoplasia. Objective. To investigate whether patients with benign adrenocortical tumors have a higher likelihood of having nonadrenal neoplasia detected. Design and Participants. Case-control study of patients with benign adrenocortical tumors (cases; n = 400) and normal adrenal glands (controls; n = 400), who underwent repeated abdominal cross-sectional…

Development and validation of circulating CA125 prediction models in postmenopausal women

Background Cancer Antigen 125 (CA125) is currently the best available ovarian cancer screening biomarker. However, CA125 has been limited by low sensitivity and specificity in part due to normal variation between individuals. Personal characteristics that influence CA125 could be used to improve its performance as screening biomarker. Methods We developed and validated linear and dichotomous…