Relationship between exposure to parabens and benzophenones and prostate cancer risk in the EPIC-Spain cohort

The etiology of prostate cancer is not fully elucidated. Among environmental risk factors, endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) deserve special mention, as they alter metabolic pathways involved in hormone-dependent cancers. Epidemiological evidence assessing the carcinogenicity of EDCs is scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between exposure to parabens and benzophenones and prostate…

Childhood and Adolescent Central Nervous System Tumours in Spain: Incidence and Survival over 20 Years: A Historical Baseline for Current Assessment

Background: Central nervous system (CNS) neoplasms are highly frequent solid tumours in children and adolescents. While some studies have shown a rise in their incidence in Europe, others have not. Survival remains limited. We addressed two questions about these tumours in Spain: (1) Is incidence increasing? and (2) Has survival improved? Methods: This population-based study…

Había una vez un lugar donde aprendimos a escuchar. The Other Front line_voces por la justicia social

Las respuestas de los gobiernos a la pandemia de la COVID-19 generaron una nueva ola de desigualdades sociales para las comunidades de todo el mundo que vivían en circunstancias injustas (1). Los confinamientos y las medidas sanitarias pasaron por alto las condiciones de vivienda, las transiciones a la escolarización virtual, ignorando los hogares y las…

International Pooled Analysis of Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Premenopausal Breast Cancer in Women From 19 Cohorts

PURPOSE There is strong evidence that leisure-time physical activity is protective against postmenopausal breast cancer risk but the association with premenopausal breast cancer is less clear. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of physical activity with the risk of developing premenopausal breast cancer. METHODS We pooled individual-level data on self-reported leisure-time…

Centenary Personality: Are There Psychological Resources that Distinguish Centenarians?

The number of centenarians is increasing year by year. Considering that happier people are likely to live longer, we asked ourselves whether healthy centenarians share psychological resources or positive personality characteristics that have enabled them to face traumatic situations and the challenges life more successfully. To our knowledge this is an issue that has not…

Circulating amino acid levels and colorectal cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition and UK Biobank cohorts

Background Amino acid metabolism is dysregulated in colorectal cancer patients; however, it is not clear whether pre-diagnostic levels of amino acids are associated with subsequent risk of colorectal cancer. We investigated circulating levels of amino acids in relation to colorectal cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) and UK Biobank…

Relationship between Sexual Violence and the Health of Spanish Women—A National Population-Based Study

Background: Health consequences are likely to be different when sexual violence is analysed independently from other types of violence. It is also likely that different health consequences will result in the cases of partner or ex-partner sexual violence, non-partner sexual violence and sexual harassment. Methods: This study is based on the 2019 Macro-survey of Violence…

Prediagnostic serum calcium concentrations and risk of colorectal cancer development in 2 large European prospective cohorts

Background Higher dietary calcium consumption is associated with lower colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. However, little data are available on the association between circulating calcium concentrations and CRC risk. Objectives To explore the association between circulating calcium concentrations and CRC risk using data from 2 large European prospective cohort studies. Methods Conditional logistic regression models were used to calculate multivariable-adjusted ORs and 95%…

A step towards harmonising human biomonitoring study setup on European level: Materials provided and lessons learnt in HBM4EU

Internal exposure of the human body to potentially harmful chemical substances can be assessed by Human Biomonitoring (HBM). HBM can be used to generate conclusive data that may provide an overview of exposure levels in entire or specific population groups. This knowledge can promote the understanding of potential risks of the substances of interest or help monitoring…

Dietary intake of total, heme and non-heme iron and the risk of colorectal cancer in a European prospective cohort study

Background Iron is an essential micronutrient with differing intake patterns and metabolism between men and women. Epidemiologic evidence on the association of dietary iron and its heme and non-heme components with colorectal cancer (CRC) development is inconclusive. Methods We examined baseline dietary questionnaire-assessed intakes of total, heme, and non-heme iron and CRC risk in the…