Trends in mortality from cutaneous malignant melanoma in Spain (1982‐2016): sex‐specific age‐cohort‐period effects

Background Mortality from malignant cutaneous melanoma increased alarmingly during the second half of the 20th century in Spain and other European countries. Objective The aim was to analyze sex and age‐specific trends in melanoma mortality in Spain in the period 1982‐2016. Methods European age‐standardized melanoma mortality rates during the period 1982‐2016 were calculated from mortality…

Trends in endpoint selection and result interpretation in advanced non‐small cell lung cancer clinical trials published between 2000 and 2012: A retrospective cohort study

Background The objective of this review was to investigate trends in clinical trial design, specifically, the primary outcomes used, interpretation of results, and the magnitude of the benefits described in phase III controlled clinical trials in the first‐line treatment of patients with advanced non‐small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods Seventy‐six trials published between 2000 and…

Evaluación del impacto de un plan multisectorial de promoción de la salud y el bienestar social en Andalucía

Objetivo Evaluar el impacto del Plan de Promoción de la Autonomía Personal y Prevención de la Dependencia de Andalucía (2016-2020) en 13 organismos públicos participantes tras su primer año, y analizar la usabilidad y la fiabilidad de la escala de evaluación del impacto que se ha empleado. Método El Plan aborda la promoción de la…

Gaceta Sanitaria en 2018. Fortalecimiento de la presencia en Latinoamérica y promoción de la publicación de temas esenciales para el Sistema Nacional de Salud

Una vez más, presentamos el informe de la actividad realizada por el equipo editorial a lo largo del año anterior y los datos de desempeño de la revista, con el fin de rendir cuentas a nuestros/as lectores/as, a las personas socias de SESPAS y a la sociedad. El documento permite analizar los avances y las…

Intake of Individual Fatty Acids and Risk of Prostate Cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

The associations of individual dietary fatty acids with prostate cancer risk have not been examined comprehensively. We examined the prospective association of individual dietary fatty acids with prostate cancer risk overall, by tumor subtypes, and prostate cancer death. 142,239 men from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition who were free from cancer at…

Association of menopausal characteristics and risk of coronary heart disease: a pan-European case–cohort analysis

Background Earlier age at menopause has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), but the shape of association and role of established cardiovascular risk factors remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the associations between menopausal characteristics and CHD risk; the shape of the association between age at menopause and CHD risk; and the…

Dairy Product Intake and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in EPIC-InterAct: A Mendelian Randomization Study

OBJECTIVE To estimate the causal association between intake of dairy products and incident type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The analysis included 21,820 European individuals (9,686 diabetes cases) of the EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study. Participants were genotyped, and rs4988235 (LCT-12910C>T), a SNP for lactase persistence (LP) which enables digestion of dairy sugar, i.e., lactose, was…

Uso de heurísticos y error diagnóstico en Atención Primaria: revisión panorámica

Objetivo Evaluar la evidencia sobre el uso de heurísticos de representatividad, disponibilidad, anclaje y ajuste y exceso de confianza en la práctica clínica real, específicamente en el ámbito de la Atención Primaria. Diseño Revisión panorámica (scoping review). Fuentes de datos Bases de datos de OvidMedline, Scopus, PsycoINFO, Cochrane Library y PubMed. Con el fin de…

The experience‐based format of probability improves probability estimates: The moderating role of individual differences in numeracy

People with low statistical numeracy have difficulties understanding numerical information. For instance, they often misunderstand the probability of experiencing side effects, which could reduce adherence to medical treatments. We investigated whether presenting information about probability using a method based on the direct experience of events influences the accuracy of probability estimates compared to viewing a…