Análisis de la eficiencia técnica en los hospitales del Sistema Nacional de Salud español

Objetivo Analizar la eficiencia técnica y la productividad de los hospitales generales del Sistema Nacional de Salud (SNS) español (2010-2012) e identificar variables hospitalarias y regionales explicativas. Métodos Se estudian 230 hospitales del SNS mediante análisis envolvente de datos midiendo la eficiencia técnica global, pura, de escala, y el índice de Malmquist. La robustez del…

Helicobacter pylori infection, chronic corpus atrophic gastritis and pancreatic cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort: a nested case-control study

The association between H. pylori infection and pancreatic cancer risk remains controversial. We conducted a nested case-control study with 448 pancreatic cancer cases and their individually matched control subjects, based on the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort, to determine whether there was an altered pancreatic cancer risk associated with H. pylori…

Activity and determinants of cholinesterases and paraoxonase-1 in blood of workers exposed to non-cholinesterase inhibiting pesticides

Pesticide exposure has been associated with different adverse health effects which may be modulated to some extent by paraoxonase-1 (PON1) activity and genetic polymorphisms. This study assessed seasonal variations in PON1 activity (using paraoxon –POase–, phenylacetate –AREase–, diazoxon –DZOase– and dihydrocoumarin –DHCase– as substrates), erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and plasma cholinesterase (using butyrylthiocholine –BuChE– and benzoylcholine…

Dietary Flavonoid Intake and Colorectal Cancer Risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Cohort

Flavonoids have been shown to inhibit colon cancer cell proliferation in vitro and protect against colorectal carcinogenesis in animal models. However, epidemiological evidence on the potential role of flavonoid intake in colorectal cancer (CRC) development is still sparse and inconsistent. We evaluated the association between dietary intakes of total flavonoids and their subclasses and risk…

Contribution of Persistent Organic Pollutant Exposure to the Adipose Tissue Oxidative Microenvironment in an Adult Cohort: A Multipollutant Approach

Despite growing in vitro and in vivo evidence of the putative role of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the induction of oxidative damage in cell structures, this issue has been poorly addressed from an epidemiologic perspective. The aim of this study was to explore associations between adipose tissue POP concentrations and the in situ oxidative…

Exploring available options in characterising the health impact of industrially contaminated site

Industrially contaminated sites (ICS) are of high concern from an environmental public health perspective, since industrial plants may produce a widespread contamination that can result in several health impacts on the populations living in their neighbourhood. The objective of this contribution is to briefly explore available options in studying the health impact of ICS, mainly…

La calidad en el Bloque Quirúrgico del Hospital Clínico San Cecilio. La perspectiva del cliente interno

Objetivo Evaluar la calidad de los servicios prestados por el Bloque Quirúrgico (BQ) del Hospital Clínico Universitario San Cecilio (HUSC), desde el punto de vista del personal sanitario del hospital. Material y métodos Emplazamiento: Andalucía. Participantes: 134 profesionales con contacto con el BQ del HUSC. Instrumento: cuestionario de elaboración propia, con las siguientes dimensiones: accesibilidad,…

¿Convivencia o Bullying? Análisis, prevención y afrontamiento del acoso entre iguales

¿Convivencia o Bullying? La monografía describe, desde un enfoque divulgativo y positivo, el fenómeno del acoso entre iguales, el bullying y el cyberbullyig. Se centra en aquellos elementos que pueden ayudar a mejorar el clima escolar y que producen bienestar y beneficios, y en la prevención de las agresiones y de sus consecuencias en todos los…

Endometrial cancer risk prediction including serum-based biomarkers: Results from the EPIC cohort

Endometrial cancer risk prediction models including lifestyle, anthropometric, and reproductive factors have limited discrimination. Adding biomarker data to these models may improve predictive capacity; to our knowledge, this has not been investigated for endometrial cancer. Using a nested case-control study within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort, we investigated the improvement…