Assessing Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing in Community-Dwelling Older Patients Using the Updated Version of STOPP-START Criteria: A Comparison of Profiles and Prevalences with Respect to the Original Version

Emerging and changing evidence made it necessary to update STOPP-START criteria, and version 2 was published recently. In this study the objectives were to determine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication prescribing (PIM) in primary care using STOPP versions 1 (v1) and 2 (v2), as well as 2012 AGS Beers criteria, and analyze the factors…

Biomarkers of folate and vitamin B12 and breast cancer risk: Report from the EPIC cohort

Epidemiological studies have reported inconsistent findings for the association between B vitamins and breast cancer (BC) risk. We investigated the relationship between biomarkers of folate and vitamin B12 and the risk of BC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Plasma concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 were determined in 2,491…

Association Between Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol–Lowering Genetic Variants and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Importance  Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)–lowering alleles in or near NPC1L1 or HMGCR, encoding the respective molecular targets of ezetimibe and statins, have previously been used as proxies to study the efficacy of these lipid-lowering drugs. Alleles near HMGCR are associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes, similar to the increased incidence of new-onset…

Geographical and Temporal Variations in Female Breast Cancer Mortality in the Municipalities of Andalusia (Southern Spain)

The last published figures have shown geographical variations in mortality with respect to female breast cancer in European countries. However, national health policies need a dynamic image of the geographical variations within the country. The aim of this paper was to describe the spatial distribution of age-specific mortality rates from female breast cancer in the…

Relationship between physical activity and weight status in adults: a multinomial hierarchical analysis

Se observa una asociación inversa significativa entre la actividad física y la obesidad Obesity, which in itself is a long-term disease, is at the same time a risk factor in the development of serious pathologies such as ischaemic heart disease, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia and respiratory insufficiency.1 In developed countries, the prevalence of this disease has risen…

Mecanismo de acción de la anticoncepción de urgencia con levonorgestrel: ¿cuál es la evidencia?

Carta al director de la profesora de la EASP, María del Mar García Calvente sobre los efectos del levonorgestrel en la anticoncepción de emergencia Sr. Director: Agradecemos el interés mostrado por Alegre del Rey et al. por nuestro editorial Anticoncepción de urgencia y objeción de conciencia: un debate sin cerrar1. Afirman estos autores que existe…

Circulating vitamin D in relation to cancer incidence and survival of the head and neck and oesophagus in the EPIC cohort

Experimental and epidemiological data suggest that vitamin D play a role in pathogenesis and progression of cancer, but prospective data on head and neck cancer (HNC) and oesophagus cancer are limited. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study recruited 385,747 participants with blood samples between 1992 and 2000. This analysis includes 497…

Parity, breastfeeding and risk of coronary heart disease: A pan-European case–cohort study

Objective There is uncertainty about the direction and magnitude of the associations between parity, breastfeeding and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). We examined the separate and combined associations of parity and breastfeeding practices with the incidence of CHD later in life among women in a large, pan-European cohort study. Methods Data were used…