Alcohol intake in relation to non-fatal and fatal coronary heart disease and stroke: EPIC-CVD case-cohort study

Objective To investigate the association between alcohol consumption (at baseline and over lifetime) and non-fatal and fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. Design Multicentre case-cohort study. Setting A study of cardiovascular disease (CVD) determinants within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition cohort (EPIC-CVD) from eight European countries. Participants 32 549 participants without baseline…

Moderate egg consumption and all-cause and specific-cause mortality in the Spanish European Prospective into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Spain) study

Purpose Dietary guidelines for egg consumption for general population differ among public health agencies. Our aim was to investigate the association between egg intake and both all-cause and specific-cause of mortality in a Mediterranean population. Methods The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Spain cohort included 40,621 men and women aged 29–69 years old in…

Еffects of fortified milk on cognitive abilities in school-aged children: results from a randomized-controlled trial

Background Micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals and long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential for children’s brain development and cognitive functions. The current study investigated whether milk fortified with micronutrients and PUFA can result in improved cognitive function in mainstream school children. Methods One-hundred-and-nineteen children (age 8–14, 58 boys) were randomly allocated to…

Coffee and Tea Consumption and the Contribution of Their Added Ingredients to Total Energy and Nutrient Intakes in 10 European Countries: Benchmark Data from the Late 1990s

Background: Coffee and tea are among the most commonly consumed nonalcoholic beverages worldwide, but methodological differences in assessing intake often hamper comparisons across populations. We aimed to (i) describe coffee and tea intakes and (ii) assess their contribution to intakes of selected nutrients in adults across 10 European countries. Method: Between 1995 and 2000, a…

Herramientas para una evaluación del impacto en salud de los programas de salud pública e intervenciones comunitarias con una perspectiva de equidad

Es imprescindible desarrollar un enfoque integral de las intervenciones institucionales que permita realizar la evaluación del impacto en la salud desde la perspectiva de los determinantes sociales de la salud y la equidad. Para realizar dicha evaluación son necesarias herramientas adaptadas y sencillas. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la metodología empleada en el…

Prevalence and correlates of major depression in Granada, Spain: Results from the GranadΣp study

Background: Major depression is one of the world’s leading causes of disability. Up-to-date information about the epidemiology of this disorder is key to health care planning. Aim: The aim of our study is to report prevalence and correlates of current major depressive disorder (MDD) in the province of Granada, Southern Spain. Methods: The GranadΣp is…

Circulating Metabolites Associated with Alcohol Intake in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Cohort

Identifying the metabolites associated with alcohol consumption may provide insights into the metabolic pathways through which alcohol may affect human health. We studied associations of alcohol consumption with circulating concentrations of 123 metabolites among 2974 healthy participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Alcohol consumption at recruitment was self-reported through…

Desarrollo de la investigación para la salud en Latinoamérica y el Caribe. Colaboración, publicación y aplicación del conocimiento

Si elimináramos todo lo que hemos aprendido con la investigación para la salud, muy probablemente perderíamos una buena parte de las ganancias en salud que hacen que la esperanza de vida en Latinoamérica y el Caribe se acerque a los 78,5 años, y esta estaría más próxima posiblemente a los 29 años que se tenían…

Análisis multinivel de la eficiencia técnica de los hospitales del Sistema Nacional de Salud español por tipo de propiedad y gestión

Objetivo Analizar la eficiencia técnica por tipo de propiedad y gestión de los hospitales generales del Sistema Nacional de Salud español (2010-2012) y sus variables explicativas hospitalarias y regionales. Método Se estudian 230 hospitales combinando el análisis envolvente de datos y modelos transversales de regresión lineal multinivel de efectos fijos. Con el análisis envolvente de…

Análisis de los costes económicos asociados a las complicaciones en cirugía general y digestiva

Introducción El objetivo es analizar el impacto en costes económicos y estancias de las complicaciones quirúrgicas. Métodos Incluimos 5.822 registros del CMBD (2014-2015). Realizamos análisis descriptivo, univariante y multivariante, evaluando asociación entre complicaciones, grado Clavien-Dindo y vacaciones con estancias y costes económicos (modelo de costes totales agregados por GRD). Resultados y conclusiones El coste medio…