Medicina basada en las «existencias» o soporte ético para las decisiones difíciles

La pandemia por coronavirus está provocando una crisis de salud pública mundial sobre la que aún desconocemos gran parte de sus manifestaciones clínicas, comportamiento epidemiológico y abordaje terapéutico. También sus consecuencias de tipo social y económico son impredecibles a medio y largo plazo. España está siendo uno de los países más afectados, tanto en incidencia…

Modelos predictivos de la epidemia de COVID-19 en España con curvas de Gompertz

Durante la crisis de salud internacional provocada por la pandemia de COVID-19, además de conocer los datos sobre contagios, muertes y ocupación de camas hospitalarias también es necesario hacer predicciones que ayuden a la gestión de la crisis por parte de las autoridades sanitarias. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo describir la metodología utilizada para…

Menstrual factors, reproductive history, hormone use, and Urothelial carcinoma risk: A prospective study in the EPIC cohort

Background: Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is the predominant (95%) bladder cancer subtype in industrialised nations. Animal and epidemiological human studies suggest that hormonal factors may influence UC risk. Methods: We used an analytic cohort of 333 919 women from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Cohort (EPIC). Associations between hormonal factors and incident UC…

Psychological and cognitive factors related to prehospital delay in acute coronary syndrome: A systematic review

Background In acute coronary syndrome the time elapsed between the start of symptoms and the moment the patient receives treatment is an important determinant of survival and subsequent recovery. However, many patients do not receive treatment as quickly as recommended, mostly due to substantial prehospital delays such as waiting to seek medical attention after symptoms…

Rare thyroid malignancies in Europe: Data from the information network on rare cancers in Europe (RARECAREnet)

Objective Limited information is available on the incidence of rare thyroid cancer (TC) subtypes: anaplastic (ATC) and medullary (MTC). The aim of this study was to describe incidence variations and trends across European countries of all TC subtypes. Materials and methods We used the RARECAREnet database including 80721 TC incident cases in the period 2000–2007…

Syncope and bifascicular block in the absence of structural heart disease

The treatment of patients with bifascicular block (BFB) and syncope in the absence of structural heart disease (SHD) is not well defined. The objective of our study is to compare pacemaker empirical implantation with the use of electrophysiological studies (EPS). This is a prospective cohort study that included 77 patients with unexplained cardiogenic syncope and BFB without structural…