Urinary levels of organophosphate pesticides and predictors of exposure in pre-school and school children living in agricultural and urban communities from south Spain

Background. Despite the widespread use of organophosphate (OP) pesticides, information on predictors of children’s exposure to such pesticides is scarce. Objective. To assess exposure to OP pesticides in children 3-11 year-old living in agricultural communities and urban areas from Andalusia (Southern Spain), and to identify the main determinants of exposure. Methods. A longitudinal study was…

Antibody responses to Helicobacter pylori and risk of developing colorectal cancer in a European cohort

Background: While Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the major cause of gastric cancer, it has also been suggested to be involved in colorectal cancer (CRC) development. However, prospective studies addressing H. pylori and CRC are sparse and inconclusive. We assessed the association of antibody responses to H. pylori proteins with CRC in the European Prospective…

Impact of lockdown on COVID-19 incidence and mortality in China: an interrupted time series study

Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of strict social distancing measures applied in China in reducing the incidence and mortality from COVID-19 in two Chinese provinces. Methods: We assessed incidence and mortality rates in Hubei and Guangdong before and after the lockdown period in cities in Hubei. An interrupted time series study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of…

Colaboración entre las revistas de salud pública en España

La historia de la salud pública en España ha sido escrita principalmente en dos revistas que actualmente siguen siendo un referente en su desarrollo académico y profesional. Con trayectorias dispares, la Revista Española de Salud Pública (1926) y Gaceta Sanitaria (1888) comienzan ahora una política de cooperación que pretende situar a la salud pública en la agenda…

Ciudadanía activa y personas mayores: viejos conceptos, nuevos abordajes. Una revisión sistemática y metasíntesis cualitativa

Las políticas de envejecimiento activo presentan el concepto de «ciudadanía activa» como un desafío clave en el ámbito del envejecimiento para los próximos años. La ciudadanía activa ha sido definida de diferentes maneras, en la mayoría de los casos de forma complementaria, describiendo un eclecticismo de actividades participativas que incluye la política, el mercado y…

Plasma Non-Enzymatic Antioxidant Capacity (NEAC) in Relation to Dietary NEAC, Nutrient Antioxidants and Inflammation-Related Biomarkers

Background: Little is known about the interlinkages between dietary and plasma non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity (D-NEAC and P-NEAC, respectively) and the body’s antioxidant and inflammation response. Our aim was to explore these associations in 210 participants from two Spanish European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) centers. (2) Methods: D-NEAC was estimated using published NEAC…

Serologic markers of Chlamydia trachomatis and other sexually transmitted infections and subsequent ovarian cancer risk: Results from the EPIC cohort

A substantial proportion of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) arises in the fallopian tube and other epithelia of the upper genital tract; these epithelia may incur damage and neoplastic transformation following sexually transmitted infections (STI) and pelvic inflammatory disease. We investigated the hypothesis that past STI infection, particularly Chlamydia trachomatis, is associated with higher EOC risk in…

Historical exposure to non-persistent environmental pollutants and risk of type 2 diabetes in a Spanish sub-cohort from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study

Background Environmental factors are believed to account for a substantial burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Non-persistent environmental pollutants (npEPs) are a group of widely-used chemicals identified as endocrine/metabolic disrupting chemicals and obesogens. The aim of this study was to analyse the potential associations of serum levels of three groups of npEPs with the…

Prisons and custodial settings are part of a comprehensive response to COVID-19

Prisons are epicentres for infectious diseases because of the higher background prevalence of infection, the higher levels of risk factors for infection, the unavoidable close contact in often overcrowded, poorly ventilated, and unsanitary facilities, and the poor access to health-care services relative to that in community settings. 1 Infections can be transmitted between prisoners, staff…