Adiposity and endometrial cancer risk in postmenopausal women: a sequential causal mediation analysis

Background Adiposity increases endometrial cancer (EC) risk, possibly through inflammation, hyperinsulinemia, and increasing estrogens. We aimed to quantify the mediating effects of adiponectin (anti-inflammatory adipocytokine); interleukin-6, interleukin-1-receptor antagonist, TNF-receptor-1 and -2, and C-reactive protein (inflammatory status biomarkers); C-peptide (hyperinsulinemia biomarker); free estradiol and estrone (estrogen biomarkers) in the adiposity-EC link in postmenopausal women. Methods We…

Greenhouse gases emissions from the diet and risk of death and chronic diseases in the EPIC-Spain cohort

Background Evidence from the scientific literature shows a significant variation in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the diet, according to the type of food consumed. We aim to analyze the relationship between the daily dietary GHG emissions according to red meat, fruit and vegetables consumption and their relationship with risk of total mortality, and incident…

Parental Risk Literacy is Related to Quality of Life in Spanish Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience much more negative perceptions of their family quality of life (FQoL). To investigate key factors that may shape these experiences, we conducted a case–control study of sixty-one Spanish families (29 with a child with ASD) using a broad psychosocial assessment (e.g., ASD severity, social support,…

52Revista EspañoladeDrogodependencias 45 (1) 2020Consumo de psicofármacos en Andalucía. Un análisis de la Encuesta Andaluza de Salud desde la perspectiva de género

Introducción: En España el 16% de la población consume psicofármacos, ansiolíticos, hipnóti-cos y antidepresivos son los más frecuentes. La prevalencia de consumo es el doble en mujeres que en hombres para todos los rangos de edad. Diversos autores y autoras indican que esta diferencia puede deberse a roles y estereotipos de género.Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia…

Adherence to Clinical Practice Guidelines and Colorectal Cancer Survival: A Retrospective High-Resolution Population-Based Study in Spain

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide. Population-based, high-resolution studies are essential for the continuous evaluation and updating of diagnosis and treatment standards. This study aimed to assess adherence to clinical practice guidelines and investigate its relationship with survival. We conducted a retrospective high-resolution population-based study of 1050 incident CRC cases from…

The spread of SARS-CoV-2 in Spain: hygiene habits, sociodemographic profile, mobility patterns and comorbidities

COVID-19 constitutes the largest pandemic in the last 100 years. In view of the rapid spread of the virus, it is necessary to study the sociodemographic characteristics, hygiene habits, activity and mobility, and comorbidities of SARS-CoV-2 infection to be able to implement prevention strategies. For this purpose, a survey including the variables of interest was…

Evaluation of the COVID-19 response in Spain: principles and requirements

Although we received widespread support from more than 50 scientific societies and associations representing public health, medical, and nursing professional communities; there is now a need to define such an evaluation in terms of its timing, scope, and leadership. Here, we suggest three major requisites and four guiding principles, adapted from McKee and colleagues, which…

Recognizing a Heart Attack: Patients’ Knowledge of Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Its Relation to Prehospital Decision Delay in Acute Coronary Syndrome

In acute coronary syndromes (ACSs), longer decision delay – the time patients wait before seeking medical attention after symptoms have started – increases the risk of complications and death. However, many patients wait much longer than recommended and research is needed investigating how patient decision delay can be reduced. In a cross-sectional study of 120…

El bibliotecario como coautor de revisiones y síntesis de evidencia

Sr. Director: A raíz del debate generado en el grupo de trabajo de bibliotecarios/as de ciencias de la salud #Ayudabiblioteca (https://view.genial.ly/5e92f5a5fba9d40d9e580bcb), creado para hacer frente a las demandas de información por la pandemia de COVID-19, queremos exponer la posición de nuestro colectivo respecto a la coautoría en artículos científicos de revisión. Los trabajos de revisión…

Association between nutritional profiles of foods underlying Nutri-Score front-of-pack labels and mortality: EPIC cohort study in 10 European countries

Abstract Objective To determine if the Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system (FSAm-NPS), which grades the nutritional quality of food products and is used to derive the Nutri-Score front-of-packet label to guide consumers towards healthier food choices, is associated with mortality. Design Population based cohort study. Setting European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)…