Spatial and temporal variations in Spain in the standardised ratio of in-hospital mortality due to colorectal cancer, 2008–2014

Background Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second cause of tumour mortality in Spain and Europe. To date, no studies have been conducted in Spain to evaluate the spatial and temporal distribution of the excess risk of death during hospitalisation for CRC. Methods A cohort was constructed of all episodes of hospitalisation in Spain due to…

Levels and determinants of adipose tissue cadmium concentrations in an adult cohort from Southern Spain

This study was conceived as a first step to evaluate the suitability of adipose tissue cadmium (Cd) concentrations as a biomarker for the assessment of long-term exposure. Specifically, the aim of this work was to explore the socio-demographic, dietary, and lifestyle determinants of adipose tissue Cd concentrations. The study population is a subsample of GraMo…

Vivencias y emociones profesionales en el proceso de donación y trasplantes de órganos. Una revisión sistemática

Introducción El objetivo de este artículo fue explorar, analizar y sintetizar las experiencias emocionales de profesionales sanitarios de donación y trasplantes. Método Se realizó una revisión sistemática cualitativa en Medline, Science Direct y la Biblioteca Virtual del Sistema Sanitario Público de Andalucía. Se seleccionaron 16 artículos originales, realizando una evaluación cualitativa y síntesis narrativa. Resultados…

Patterns in metabolite profile are associated with risk of more aggressive prostate cancer: a prospective study of 3057 matched case‐control sets from EPIC

Metabolomics may reveal novel insights into the aetiology of prostate cancer, for which few risk factors are established. We investigated the association between patterns in baseline plasma metabolite profile and subsequent prostate cancer risk, using data from 3057 matched case‐control sets from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). We measured 119 metabolite…

Predicting circulating CA125 levels among healthy premenopausal women

Background: CA125 is the most promising ovarian cancer screening biomarker to date. Multiple studies reported CA125 levels vary by personal characteristics, which could inform personalized CA125 thresholds. However, this has not been well described in premenopausal women. Methods: We evaluated predictors of CA125 levels among 815 premenopausal women from the New England Case Control Study…

Inflammatory potential of diet and risk of lymphoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Introduction Chronic inflammation plays a critical role in lymphomagenesis and several dietary factors seem to be involved its regulation. The aim of the current study was to assess the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet and the risk of lymphoma and its subtypes in the European Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.…

Associations between Home Foreclosure and Health Outcomes in a Spanish City

The financial crisis has caused an exponential increase of home foreclosures in Spain. Recent studies have shown the effects that foreclosures have on mental and physical health. This study explores these effects on a sample of adults in the city of Granada (Spain), in terms of socio-demographic, socio-economic and process characteristics. A cross-sectional survey was…

Trends in mortality from cutaneous malignant melanoma in Spain (1982‐2016): sex‐specific age‐cohort‐period effects

Background Mortality from malignant cutaneous melanoma increased alarmingly during the second half of the 20th century in Spain and other European countries. Objective The aim was to analyze sex and age‐specific trends in melanoma mortality in Spain in the period 1982‐2016. Methods European age‐standardized melanoma mortality rates during the period 1982‐2016 were calculated from mortality…

Trends in endpoint selection and result interpretation in advanced non‐small cell lung cancer clinical trials published between 2000 and 2012: A retrospective cohort study

Background The objective of this review was to investigate trends in clinical trial design, specifically, the primary outcomes used, interpretation of results, and the magnitude of the benefits described in phase III controlled clinical trials in the first‐line treatment of patients with advanced non‐small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods Seventy‐six trials published between 2000 and…