Plant foods, dietary fibre and risk of ischaemic heart disease in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC) cohort

Background Epidemiological evidence indicates that diets rich in plant foods are associated with a lower risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD), but there is sparse information on fruit and vegetable subtypes and sources of dietary fibre. This study examined the associations of major plant foods, their subtypes and dietary fibre with risk of IHD in…

Serum levels of non-persistent environmental pollutants and risk of incident hypertension in a sub-cohort from the EPIC study

Background The prevalence of arterial hypertension (AHT), a well-known risk factor for cardiovascular disease, has considerably increased over last decades. Non-persistent environmental pollutants (npEPs) are a group of ubiquitous chemicals, widely used in consumer products such as food packaging and cosmetics, which have been identified as endocrine disrupting chemicals and obesogens. The aim of this…

Social determinants of health and COVID-19 infection in Brazil: an analysis of the pandemic

Objetivo: Analizar la influencia de factores socioeconómicos, demográficos, epidemiológicos y estructura del sistema de salud en la evolución del COVID-19 en Brasil. Métodos: Estudio ecológico con variables extraídas de bancos de datos, teniendo la incidencia y mortalidad por COVID-19 hasta 23 de agosto de 2020, en estados brasileños, como variables respuesta. Las relaciones han estimadas…

Plasma Vitamin C and Type 2 Diabetes: Genome-Wide Association Study and Mendelian Randomization Analysis in European Populations

OBJECTIVE Higher plasma vitamin C levels are associated with lower type 2 diabetes risk, but whether this association is causal is uncertain. To investigate this, we studied the association of genetically predicted plasma vitamin C with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted genome-wide association studies of plasma vitamin C among 52,018 individuals of European…

Genome-wide association analysis of type 2 diabetes in the EPIC-InterAct study

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a global public health challenge. Whilst the advent of genome-wide association studies has identified >400 genetic variants associated with T2D, our understanding of its biological mechanisms and translational insights is still limited. The EPIC-InterAct project, centred in 8 countries in the European Prospective Investigations into Cancer and Nutrition study, is…

«Vísteme despacio que tengo prisa». Un análisis ético de la vacuna contra la COVID-19: fabricación, distribución y reticencia

La llegada de una vacuna contra el SARS-CoV-2 que pueda frenar la expansión de la infección se ha postulado como la respuesta definitiva para frenar la pandemia de COVID-19. Lejos de ser una solución libre de conflictos éticos, la introducción de una nueva vacuna en la práctica de la salud pública, y que se haga…

Microcephaly Epidemic in Brazil: An Earlier Chapter

Objective: Identify risk factors for microcephaly and evaluate historical trends of microcephaly and arboviruses to recognize patterns and anomalies that indicate the beginning of the microcephaly epidemic associated with Zika infection. Methods: The head circumferences of 62,298 newborns was analyzed to identify cases of microcephaly between 2014 and 2017. We compared the groups of newborns…

Covid-19: la malinterpretación de los datos de la pandemia daña la confianza del público

Dos cartas publicadas en The Lancet y The Lancet Public Health en los últimos meses defienden la necesidad de evaluar de forma independiente la respuesta española ante la covid-19. Estamos de acuerdo, pero nos gustaría complementarlas con tres puntos que nos acercan a la ciencia abierta. Nos referimos a la confusión terminológica, la calidad de…

Association between anthropometry and lifestyle factors and risk of B cell lymphoma: an exposome wide analysis

To better understand the role of individual and lifestyle factors in human disease, an exposome‐wide association study was performed to investigate within a single study anthropometry measures and lifestyle factors previously associated with B‐cell lymphoma (BCL). Within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition study, 2,402 incident BCL cases were diagnosed from 475,426 participants…